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Geophysical Investigation Of Ground Water Hazards In Giza Pyramids And Sphinx Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography And Ground Penetrating Radar: A Case StudyNormal access

Authors: M. Sharafeldin, K.S. Essa, N. Sayıl, M.A.S. Youssef, Z.E. Diab and H. Karslı
Event name: 9th Congress of the Balkan Geophysical Society
Session: 1.04 Hydrogeophysics
Publication date: 05 November 2017
DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201702549
Organisations: BGS, EAGE
Language: English
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 1.07Mb )
Price: € 20

Summary:
The hazards of ground water rise threatened the most famous and well preserved archaeological sites of the Great Giza Pyramids and Sphinx area investigated using non-destructive geophysical techniques. Ground Penetrating Radar and (GPR) and Electrical Resistivity Sounding and Tomography (VES and ERT) surveys conducted in the study area to characterize the ground water aquifer and determination of the water table level. The water table elevation determined at different archaeological locations within the study area. The average water table depth is about 15 meters, which is safe for the Sphinx status. Water table of the surrounding area reached about 17 m due to different sources of leakage.


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