1887
Special Issue: Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Numerical Modelling Research and Practice
  • ISSN: 1569-4445
  • E-ISSN: 1873-0604

Abstract

Abstract

Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a commonly used tool for railway trackbed inspection due to its ability to collect information about subsurface materials at high resolution and high speed. Although GPR recording systems allow for the collection of vast quantities of data (hundreds of kilometres per day), accurate ground truth information is difficult to obtain. Models of trackbed can be used to generate synthetic radargrams to provide a better understanding and predictability of GPR responses to a wide range of trackbed conditions. In this research, we produced models of ballast using randomly shaped 3D particles, with a range of particle size distributions to represent various stages of ballast breakdown. Additionally, void spaces are partially filled with a constant dielectric material to represent ballast contamination. We used gprMax to simulate the GPR response for a 2 GHz horn antenna over the trackbed models. These simulations resulted in radargrams that are visually indistinct from real recorded data in known conditions. These radargrams, along with their formative models, have provided valuable insights into how variations in trackbed conditions can impact GPR data.

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2024-04-23
2024-05-22
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): engineering geophysics; forward modelling; GPR

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