1887
Volume 22, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 1569-4445
  • E-ISSN: 1873-0604

Abstract

Abstract

Soil layers affect the vertical movement of moisture and salt, eventually resulting in land cover and land use pattern changes. This study explored the ability of ground penetrating radar (GPR) to detect soil layers in the modern Yellow River Delta of China and assessed its accuracy. It was found that soil moisture and salt had a strong dampening effect on the electromagnetic wave signal which resulted in blurred GPR images of the soil profile below 1 m. The cultivated soil layers of different crop types, such as rice, wheat, corn and cotton, were accurately identified in GPR images. To estimate an individual soil layer thickness, the propagation velocity of the electromagnetic wave was calculated using soil mass moisture content, and the propagation time was confirmed by comparing the GPR image with the amplitude–time plot of the soil profile. The estimated thickness was 1.02 times the thickness determined in the field and the average estimation error was 0.04 m, which was 24.09% of the soil layer thickness determined in the field. The second derivative value of envelope amplitude energy with time (SDEA) was used to describe the amplitude change in the soil layers. The SDEA has negative logarithmic and power function relationships with soil mass moisture content and electrical conductivity, respectively. The present results provide a reference database for future quantitative soil investigation in the sedimentary plain area using GPR.

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2024-05-21
2024-06-20
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): 2D; amplitude; ground penetrating radar; interpretation; soil

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