1887
Volume 25, Issue 3
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2117

Abstract

Abstract

The Northern Apennines provide an example of long‐term deep‐water sedimentation in an underfilled pro‐foreland basin first linked to an advancing orogenic wedge and then to a retreating subduction zone during slab rollback. New palaeobathymetric and geohistory analyses of turbidite systems that accumulated in the foredeep during the Oligocene‐Miocene are used to unravel the basin subsidence history during this geodynamic change, and to investigate how it interplayed with sediment supply and basin tectonics in controlling foredeep filling. The results show an estimated . 2 km decrease in palaeowater depth at . 17 Ma. Moreover, a change in basin subsidence is documented during Langhian time, with an average decompacted subsidence rate, during individual depocentre life, that increased from <0.3 to 0.4–0.6 mm y−1, together with the appearance of a syndepositional backstripped subsidence bracketed between 0.1 and 0.2 mm y−1. This change prevented the basin from complete filling during late Miocene and is interpreted as the foredeep response to initial rollback of the downgoing Adriatic slab. Thus, the Northern Apennine system provides an example of a pro‐foreland basin that experienced both a slow‐ and high‐subsidence regime as a consequence of the advancing then retreating evolution of the collisional system.

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Recent geological maps available for the studied region; available also in the web at the sites: http://www.isprambiente.gov.it/site/it-IT/Cartografia/Carte_geologiche_e_geotematiche/Carta_geologica_alla_scala_1_a_50000/; http://www.isprambiente.gov.it/Media/carg/index.html; http://159.213.57.103/geoweb/listmet/lista_metadati_10k.htm); http://www.regione.emilia-romagna.it/wcm/geologia/canali/cartografia/sito_cartografia/sito_cartografia.htm.

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Synoptic table showing the lithostratigraphic units and subunits with their abbreviations used in the official regional geological maps (‘CARG‐PROJECT’ official maps) and the corresponding subdivision in turbidite complexes, systems and stages (in grey on the right portion of the table) adopted in Cibin . (2004) and in this paper for the Northern Apennine foredeep successions. Regional key beds are also indicated.

Species abundances of planktonic and benthic foraminifera recorded in each of the studied sections.

Synthesis of the ecological preferences of some cosmopolitan benthic foraminifera deriving from direct observations on living species or by comparing functional morphologies. Reference papers by: (a) de Stigter ., 1998; de Rijk ., 1999; Schmiedl ., 2000; Donnici & Serandrei Barbero, 2002 for the Mediterranean area; (b) Schmiedl ., 1997; Schönfeld, 2002; Fontanier ., 2002, 2005; Hess ., 2005; de Mello E Sousa ., 2006 for the Atlantic Ocean.

Input data used for the geohistory analysis of the studied turbidite systems.

Output data obtained by the geohistory analysis of the studied turbidite systems.

  • Article Type: Research Article
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