1887
Volume 31, Issue 1
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2117

Abstract

Abstract

Descriptions of exposed salt structures help improve the ability to interpret the geometry and evolution of similar structures imaged in seismic reflection data from salt‐bearing sedimentary basins. This study uses detailed geologic mapping combined with well and seismic data from the southeastern end of the Gypsum Valley diapir (Paradox Basin, Colorado), to investigate the three‐dimensional geometry of the terminations of both the salt wall and its associated megaflap. The salt wall trends NW‐SE and is characterized by highly asymmetric stratal architecture on its northeastern and southwestern flanks, with thicker, deeper, gently dipping strata in the depositionally proximal (NE) minibasin and thinned older strata rotated to near‐vertical in a megaflap on the distal (SW) side. The megaflap terminates to the SE through a decrease in maximum dip and ultimately truncation by a pair of radial faults bounding a down‐dropped block with lower dips. East of these faults, the salt wall termination is a moderately plunging nose of salt overlain by gently southeast‐dipping strata, separated from the down‐dropped NE minibasin by a counterregional fault. From this analysis, and by comparison with analogue structures located elsewhere in the Paradox Basin and in the northern Gulf of Mexico, we propose a series of simple end‐member models in which salt walls and megaflaps may terminate abruptly or gradually. We suggest that controlling factors in determining these geometries include the original thickness and spatial distribution of the deep salt, the presence of nearby diapirs (which determines the fetch area for salt flow into the diapir), spatial patterns of depositional loading, and variations in the nature and location of salt breakout through the roof of the initial salt structure.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1111/bre.12316
2018-10-08
2019-12-06
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/bre/31/1/bre12316.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1111/bre.12316&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Amador, C. M., Schurger, S. G., & Miller, B. L. (2009). Andy's Mesa Unit, San Miguel County, Colorado. In W. S.Houston , L. L.Wray & P. G.Moreland (Eds), The Paradox Basin revisited‐New developments in petroleum systems and basin analysis: Denver, Colorado (pp. 497–518). Denver, CO: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, 2009 Special Publication.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baars, D. L. (1965). Pre‐Pennsylvanian paleotectonics of southwestern Colorado (San Juan County and vicinity) and east‐central Utah. PhD Thesis, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
  3. Baars, D. L., & Stevenson, G. M. (1981). Tectonic evolution of the Paradox basin, Utah & Colorado. In D. L.Wiegand (Ed.), Geology of the Paradox basin: Denver Colorado (pp. 23–31). Denver, CO: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Balkwill, H. R., & Legall, F. D. (1989). Whale Basin, offshore Newfoundland: Extension and salt diapirism. In A. J.Tankard & H.R Balkwill (Eds), Extension tectonics and stratigraphy of the North Atlantic margins. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 46, 233–245.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Banbury, N. J. (2005). The role of salt mobility in the development of supra‐salt sedimentary depocentres and structural style. PhD Thesis, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
  6. Barbeau, D. L. (2003). A flexural model for the Paradox basin: Implications for the tectonics of the Ancestral Rocky Mountains. Basin Research, 15, 97–115. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2117.2003.00194.x
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Blakey, R. C. (2009). Paleogeography and Geologic History of the Western Ancestral Rocky Mountains, Pennsylvanian‐Permian, southern Rocky Mountains and Colorado Plateau. In W. S.Houston , L. L.Wray & P. G.Moreland (Eds), The Paradox Basin revisited – New developments in petroleum systems and basin analysis: Denver, Colorado (pp. 222–264). Denver, CO: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Special Publication.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Coleman, A., Jackson, C. A.‐L., Duffy, O. B., & Nikolinakou, M. A. (2018). How, where, and when do radial faults grow near salt diapirs?Geology, 48, 655–658. https://doi.org/10.1130/G40338.1
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Condon, S. M. (1997). Geology of the Pennsylvanian and Permian Cutler Group and Permian Kaibab Limestone in the Paradox Basin, southeastern Utah and southwestern Colorado. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey Bulletin 2000‐P.
  10. Davison, I., Alsop, I., Birch, P., Elders, C., Evans, N., Nicholson, H., … Young, M. (2000). Geometry and late‐stage structural evolution of Central Graben salt diapirs, North Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 17, 499–522. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-8172(99)00068-9
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Deatrick, K. T., Giles, K., Langford, R., Rowan, M. G., & Hearon, T. E. (2015). Geometry and depositional facies of an exposed megaflap: Pennsylvanian Honaker Trail Formation, Gypsum Valley salt wall, Paradox Basin, Colorado (abstract). AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, Denver, CO, May 31–June 3.
  12. DeCelles, P. G., & Giles, K. A. (1996). Foreland basin systems. Basin Research, 8, 105–123. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2117.1996.01491.x
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Diegel, F. A., Karlo, J. F., Schuster, D. C., Shoup, R. C., & Tauvers, P. R. (1995). Cenozoic structural evolution and tectono‐stratigraphic framework of the Northern Gulf Coast continental margin. In M. P. A.Jackson , D. G.Roberts & S.Snelson (Eds), Salt tectonics a global perspective. AAPG Memoir, 65, 109–151.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Doelling, H. H. (1988). Geology of Salt Valley Anticline and Arches National Park, Grand County, Utah. In H. H.Doelling , C. G.Oviatt & P. W.Huntoon (Eds), Salt deformation in the Paradox Region. Utah Geological and Mineral Survey Bulletin, 122, 7–58.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Doelling, H. H. (2001). Geologic map of the Moab and eastern part of the San Rafael Desert 30′x 60′ Quadrangles, Grand and Emery Counties, Utah and Mesa County, Colorado. Utah Geological Survey Map 180.
  16. Elston, D. P., Shoemaker, E. M., & Landis, E. R. (1962). Uncompahgre front and salt anticline region of Paradox Basin, Colorado and Utah. AAPG Bulletin, 46, 1857–1878.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Fleming, M. W. (2015). Integrated structural and fracture analysis of Lisbon Valley salt anticline, Utah. MSc. Thesis, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL.
  18. Franczyk, K. J. (1992). Measured section of the Pennsylvanian Hermosa Group near Hermosa, Colorado (pp. 5). US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey Open‐File Report, 92‐689.
  19. Ge, H., Jackson, M. P. A., & Vendeville, B. C. (1997). Kinematics and dynamics of salt tectonics driven by propagation. AAPG Bulletin, 81, 398–423.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Giles, K. A., & Lawton, T. F. (2002). Halokinetic sequence stratigraphy adjacent to the El Papalote diapir, northeastern Mexico. AAPG Bulletin, 86, 823–840.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Giles, K. A., & Rowan, M. G. (2012). Concepts in halokinetic‐sequence deformation and stratigraphy. In G. I.Alsop , S. G.Archer , A. J.Hartley , N. T.Grant & R.Hodgkinson (Eds), Salt tectonics, sediments and prospectivity. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 363, 7–31, https://doi.org/10.1144/sp363.2
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Goldhammer, R. K., Oswald, E. J., & Dunn, P. A. (1994). High‐frequency, glacio‐eustatic cyclicity in the Middle Pennsylvanian of the Paradox Basin – an evaluation of Milankovitch forcing. In deBoerP. L. & D. G.Smith (Eds), Orbital forcing and cyclic sequences. Special publication of International Association of Sedimentologists, 19, 243–283.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Graham, R., Jackson, M., Pilcher, R., & Kilsdonk, B. (2012). Allochthonous salt in the sub‐Alpine fold‐thrust belt of Haute Provence, France. In G. I.Alsop , S. G.Archer , A. J.Hartley , N. T.Grant & R.Hodgkinson (Eds), Salt tectonics, sediments and prospectivity. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 363, 595–615, https://doi.org/10.1144/sp363.30
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Harrison, J. C., & Jackson, M. P. A. (2014). Exposed evaporite diapirs and minibasins above a canopy in central Sverdrup Basin, Axel Heiberg Island, Arctic Canada. Basin Research, 26, 567–596. https://doi.org/10.1111/bre.12037
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Hazel, J. E. (1994). Sedimentary response to intrabasinal salt tectonism in the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation, Paradox basin, Utah. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey Bulletin, 2000‐F, 34.
  26. Hearon, T. E.IV, Rowan, M. G., Giles, K. A., & Hart, W. H. (2014). Halokinetic deformation adjacent to the deep‐water Auger diapir, Garden Banks 470, northern Gulf of Mexico: Testing the applicability of an outcrop‐based model using subsurface data. Interpretation, 2, SM57–SM76. https://doi.org/10.1190/int-2014-0053.1
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hite, R. J., & Buckner, D. H. (1981). Stratigraphic correlations, facies concepts, and cyclicity in Pennsylvanian rocks of the Paradox Basin. In D. L.Wiegand (Ed.), Geology of the Paradox Basin (pp. 147–159). Denver, CO: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologist.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Hudec, M. R. (1995). The Onion Creek salt diapir: An exposed diapir fall structure in the Paradox basin, Utah. In C. J.Travis , H.Harrison , M. R.Hudec , B. C.Vendeville , F. J.Peel & B. E.Perkins (Eds.), Salt, sediment and hydrocarbons (pp. 125–134). SEPM Foundation, Gulf Coast Section, 16th Annual Research Conference Program with Papers.
  29. Hudec, M. R., & Jackson, M. P. A. (2011). The salt mine: A digital atlas of salt tectonics: The University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology, Udden Book Series No. 5. AAPG Memoir, 99, 305.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Hossack, J. (1995). Geometric rules of section balancing for salt structures. In M. P. A.Jackson , D. G.Roberts & S.Snelson (Eds.), Salt tectonics: A global perspective. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, vol. 65, 29–40.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Jackson, M. P. A., & Vendeville, B. C. (1994). Regional extension as a geologic trigger for diapirism. GSA Bulletin, 106, 57–73. https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1994)106<0057:REAAGT>2.3.CO;2
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Kergaravat, C., Ribes, C., Legeay, E., Callot, J.‐P., Kavak, K. S., & Ringenbach, J.‐C. (2016). Minibasins and salt canopy in foreland fold‐and‐thrust belts: The central Sivas Basin, Turkey. Tectonics, 35, 1342–1366. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016TC004186
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Kluth, C. F. (1986). Plate tectonics of the Ancestral Rocky Mountains. In J. A.Peterson (Ed.), Paleotectonics and sedimentation in the Rocky Mountain Region, United Sates. AAPG Memoir, 41, 353–369.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Kluth, C. F., & Coney, P. J. (1981). Plate tectonics of the Ancestral Rocky Mountains. Geology, 9, 10–15. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1981)9<10:ptotar>2.0.co;2
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Kluth, C. F., & DuChene, H. R. (2009). Late Pennsylvanian and early Permian structural geology and tectonic history of the Paradox Basin and Uncompahgre uplift, Colorado and Utah. In W. S.Houston , L. L.Wray & P. G.Moreland (Eds). The Paradox Basin revisited—New developments in petroleum systems and basin analysis (pp. 178–197). Denver, CO: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Special Paper (CD‐ROM).
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Krzywiec, P. (2006). Structural inversion of the Pomeranian and Kuiavian segments of the Mid‐Polish Trough – lateral variations in timing and structural style. Geological Quarterly, 50, 151–168.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Lawton, T. F., & Buck, B. J. (2006). Implications of diapir‐derived detritus and gypsic paleosols in Lower Triassic strata near the Castle Valley salt wall, Paradox Basin, Utah. Geology, 34, 885–888. https://doi.org/10.1130/G22574.1
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Lawton, T. F., Buller, C. D., & Parr, T. R. (2015). Provenance of a Permian erg on the western margin of Pangea: Depositional system of the Kungurian (late Leonardian) Castle Valley and White Rim sandstones and subjacent Cutler Group, Paradox Basin, Utah, USA. Geosphere, 11, 1475–1506. https://doi.org/10.1130/GES01174.1
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Lawton, T. F., Sprinkel, D. A., Decelles, P. G., Mitra, G., Sussman, A. J., & Weiss, M. P. (1997). Stratigraphy and structure of the Sevier thrust belt and proximal foreland‐basin system in central Utah: A transect from the Sevier Desert to the Wasatch Plateau. Brigham Young University Geology Studies, 42, 33–67.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Mahrer, K., Ake, J., O'Connell, D., & Block, L. (2012). 2002 Status report‐paradox valley seismic network. Paradox Valley Project, Southwestern Colorado, U.S. Department of the Interior, Seismotectonics and Geophysics Group. Technical Memorandum No. D8330‐ 2003‐009, Bureau of Reclamation.
  41. Mallory, W. W. (1972). Pennsylvanian system: Regional synthesis. In: W. W.Mallory (Ed.), Geologic Atlas of the Rocky Mountain Region (pp. 111–128). Denver, CO: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Mankowski, L. C., Campbell, T. R., Huntoon, J. E., Gregg, W. J., & Linari, D. J. (2002, July 21–26). Structural mapping of the Uncompahgre front near Gateway, Colorado, with emphasis on Ancestral Rocky Mountain fabrics. AAPG Hedberg Conference, Vail, CO.
  43. Martín‐Martín, J. D., Vergés, J., Saura, E., Moragas, M., Messager, G., Baqués, V., … Hunt, D. W. (2016). Diapiric growth within an Early Jurassic rift basin: The Tazoult salt wall (central High Atlas, Morocco). Tectonics, 35, 1–31. https://doi.org/0.1002/2016TC004300
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Mast, A. M. (2016). The origin of anomalous carbonate units outcropping at the salt‐sediment interface of the southern end of Gypsum Valley salt wall, Paradox Basin, Colorado. MSc. Thesis, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX.
  45. McFarland, J., Giles, K. A., Langford, R., & Rowan, M. G. (2015, September 20–22). Structural and stratigraphic development of a salt diapir shoulder, Gypsum Valley Salt Wall, Paradox Basin, Colorado (abstract). Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Convention, Houston, TX.
  46. Mohr, M., Kukla, P. A., Urai, J. L., & Bresser, G. (2005). Multiphase salt tectonic evolution in NW Germany: Seismic interpretation and retro‐deformation. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 94, 917–940. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-005-0039-5
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Molenaar, C. M. (1981). Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Paradox basin: An overview. In D. L.Wiegand (Ed.), Geology of the Paradox basin (pp. 119–127). Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists Field Conference.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Moore, K. D., Soreghan, G. S., & Sweet, D. E. (2008). Stratigraphic and structural relations in the proximal Cutler Formation of the Paradox Basin: Implications for timing of movement on the Uncompahgre front. The Mountain Geologist, 45, 49–68.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Morrison, S. J., & Parry, W. T. (1986). Deposits from Saline Basin Brines, Lisbon Valley, Utah. Economic Geology, 81, 1853–1866. https://doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.81.8.1853
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Nuccio, V. F., & Condon, M. (1996). Burial and thermal history of the Paradox basin, Utah and Colorado, and petroleum potential of the Middle Pennsylvanian Paradox Formation, US Department of the Interior. US Geological Survey Bulletin, 2000‐O, 41.‐‐>
  51. O'Sullivan, R. B., & MacLachlan, M. E. (1975). Triassic rocks of the Moab‐White Canyon area, southeastern Utah. In Canyonlands Country: Four Corners Geological Society, Eighth Field Conference, Guidebook (pp. 129–142).
  52. Parker, J. M. (1981). Lisbon Field Area, San Juan County, Utah. In: D. L.Wiegand (Ed.), Geology of the Paradox Basin field conference, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, AAPG Memoir 9 Natural Gases of North America, 5, 2009.
  53. Pevear, D. R., Vrolijk, P. J., & Longstaffe, F. J. (1997). Timing of Moab Fault displacement and fluid movement integrated with burial history using radiogenic and stable isotopes. In J. P.Hendry (Ed.), Geofluids II – Extended abstracts (pp. 42–45). Belfast, UK: Geofluids Research.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Rasmussen, L., & Rasmussen, D. L. (2009). Burial history analysis of the pennsylvanian petroleum system in the Deep Paradox Basin Fold and Fault Belt, Colorado and Utah. In: W. S.Houston , L. L.Wray & P. G.Moreland (Eds), The Paradox Basin revisited: New developments in petroleum systems and basin analysis (pp. 24–94). Rocky Mountain Association Geologist Special Publication.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Rowan, M. G., Giles, K. A., Hearon, T. E.IV, & Fiduk, J. C. (2016). Megaflaps adjacent to salt diapirs. AAPG Bulletin, 11, 1723–1747. https://doi.org/10.1306/05241616009
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Rowan, M. G., & Inman, K. F. (2005). Counterregional‐style deformation in the Deep Shelf of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, 55, 947–969.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Rowan, M. G., & Inman, K. F. (2011). Salt‐related deformation recorded by allochthonous salt rather than growth strata. Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, 61, 379–390.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Rowan, M. G., Jackson, M. P. A., & Trudgill, B. D. (1999). Salt‐related fault families and fault welds in the northern Gulf of Mexico. AAPG Bulletin, 9, 1454–1484.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Rowan, M. G., Lawton, T. F., & Giles, K. A. (2012). Anatomy of an exposed vertical salt weld and flanking strata, La Popa Basin, Mexico. In G. I.Alsop , S. G.Archer , A. J.Hartley , N. T.Grant & R.Hodgkinson (Eds), Salt tectonics, sediments and prospectivity (pp. 33–57). Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 363. https://doi.org/10.1144/sp363.3
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Rowan, M. G., Lawton, T. F., Giles, K. A., & Ratliff, R. A. (2003). Near‐salt deformation in La Popa basin, Mexico, and the northern Gulf of Mexico: A general model for passive diapirism. AAPG Bulletin, 87, 733–756. https://doi.org/10.1306/01150302012
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Rowan, M. G., & Lindsø, S. (2017). Salt tectonics of the Norwegian Barents Sea and Northeast Greenland Shelf. In J. I.Soto , J. F.Flinch , & G.Tari (Eds.), Permo‐Triassic Salt Provinces of Europe, North Africa and the Atlantic Margins (pp. 265–286). Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Saura, E., Vergés, J., Martín‐Martín, J. D., Messager, G., Moragas, M., Razin, P., … Hunt, D. W. (2013). Syn‐ to post‐rift diapirism and minibasins of the Central High Atlas (Morocco): The changing face of a mountain belt. Journal of the Geological Society, 171, 97–105. https://doi.org/10.1144/jgs2013-079
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Schultz‐Ela, D. D., Jackson, M. P. A., & Vendeville, B. C. (1993). Mechanics of active salt diapirism. Tectonophysics, 228, 275–312. https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(93)90345-K
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Schuster, D. C. (1995). Deformation of Allochthonous Salt and Evolution of Related Salt–structural Systems, Eastern Louisiana Gulf Coast. In M. P. A.Jackson , D. G.Roberts & S.Snelson (Eds), Salt tectonics a global perspective. AAPG Memoir, 65, 177–198.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Shoemaker, E. M., Case, J. E., & Elston, D. P. (1958). Salt anticlines of the Paradox Basin. Guidebook 9th Annual Field Conference (pp. 39–59). Intermountain Association of Petroleum Geologists: Salt Lake City, IT.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Solum, J. G., van der Pluijm, B. A., & Peacor, D. R. (2005). Neocrystallization, fabrics and age of clay minerals from an exposure of the Moab Fault, Utah. Journal of Structural Geology, 27, 1563–1576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2005.05.002
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Stewart, S. A. (2006). Implications of passive salt diapir kinematics for reservoir segmentation by radial and concentric faults. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 23, 843–853. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2006.04.001
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Stewart, S. A. (2007). Salt tectonics in the North Sea Basin: A structural style template for seismic interpreters. In A. C.Ries , R. W. H.Butler & R. H.Graham (Eds), Deformation of the continental crust: The Legacy of Mike Coward (pp. 361–396). Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 272.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. Stewart, J. H., Poole, F. G., & Wilson, R. F. (1972). Stratigraphy and origin of the Triassic Moenkopi Formation and related strata in the Colorado Plateau region. US Department of the Interior. US Geological Survey Professional Paper, 691, 195.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. Timbel, C. B. (2015). Uncompahgre Fault Geometry: a Seismic, Field, and Gravity Study Near Nucla, Colorado, Paradox Basin, USA. MSc. Thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO.
  71. Trudgill, B. (2011). Evolution of salt structures in the northern Paradox Basin: Controls on evaporite deposition, salt wall growth and supra‐salt stratigraphic architecture. Basin Research, 23, 208–238. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2117.2010.00478.x
    [Google Scholar]
  72. Trudgill, B., Banbury, N., & Underhill, J. (2004). Salt evolution as a control on structural and stratigraphic systems: Northern Paradox foreland basin, SE Utah, USA. In P. J.Post (Ed.), Salt‐Sediment Interactions and Hydrocarbon Prospectivity: Concepts, Applications and Case Studies for the 21st Century. Gulf Coast Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Foundation, 24th Bob F. Perkins Research Conference Proceedings (CD‐ROM) (pp. 669–700). Houston, TX: Gulf Coast Section SEPM Foundation.
  73. Trudgill, B. D., & Paz, M. (2009). Restoration of Mountain Front and salt structures in the Northern Paradox Basin, SE Utah. In W. S.Houston , L. L.Wray & P. G.Moreland (Eds), The Paradox Basin revisited: New developments in Petroleum systems and basin analysis (pp. 132–177). Rocky Mountain Association of Geologist Special Publication.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. Trudgill, B. D., & Rowan, M. G. (2004). Integrating 3D seismic data with structural restorations to elucidate the evolution of a stepped counter‐regional salt system, Eastern Louisiana Shelf, Northern Gulf of Mexico. In R. J.Davies , J. A.Cartwright , S. A.Stewart , M.Lappin & J. R.Underhill (Eds), 3D Seismic technology: Application to the exploration of sedimentary basins (pp. 165–176). Geological Society, London, Memoirs 29.
    [Google Scholar]
  75. Trusheim, F. (1960). Mechanism of Salt Migration in Northern Germany. AAPG Bulletin, 44, 1519–1540.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. Vogel, J. D. (1960). Geology and ore deposits of the KlondikeRidge Area, CO: U.S. Geological Survey, Open‐File Report USGS Numbered Series 60–145.
  77. Weimer, P. C. (1982). Upper Cretaceous stratigraphy and tectonic history of the Ridgway area, northwestern San Juan Mountains. Colorado. The Mountain Geologist, 19(4), 91–104.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. Whidden, K. J., Lillis, P. G., Anna, L. A., Pearson, K. M., & Dubiel, R. F. (2013). Geology and total petroleum systems of the Paradox Basin, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. The Mountain Geologist, 51, 119–138.
    [Google Scholar]
  79. White, M. A., & Jacobson, M. I. (1983). Structures associated with the southwest margin of the ancestral Uncompahgre Uplift. In W. R.Averett (Ed.), Northern Paradox Basin – Uncompahgre uplift (pp. 33–39). Grand Junction, CO: Grand Junction Geological Society.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1111/bre.12316
Loading
/content/journals/10.1111/bre.12316
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): megaflaps , Paradox Basin , radial faults and counterregional faults , salt diapirs and salt walls
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error