1887
Volume 23, Issue 1
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2117

Abstract

ABSTRACT

The nature of the Lower Crustal Body (LCB) underneath the western part of the Vøring margin (NE Atlantic) is studied with three scenarios of its extension history: (a) The LCB is Caledonian crust. (b) Half the LCB is Caledonian crust and the other half is emplaced as magmatic underplating in Late Palaeocene. (c) The entire LCB is emplaced as magmatic underplating. The extension of the margin transect is obtained with a procedure that accounts for the extension and thinning of the sedimentary basins. This procedure has been extended to include magmatic underplating. The lithosphere is modelled with deposition of sediments and four rift phases since the Early Devonian until today. The forward modelling is mass conservative and the present‐day thicknesses of the formations, crust, LCB and magmatic underplate are reproduced. The state of the lithosphere and the sedimentary basins are shown and compared at the beginning and at the end of the rift phases. It is concluded that the scenario with the LCB as only underplating requires an unrealistic amount of extension. A scenario where underplating accounts for maximum half the LCB is more likely. Two different interpretations for the Moho underneath the Utgard High are tested: one with a shallow base‐crust and another with a deeper and flatter base‐crust. Tectonic modelling of the two versions favours the latter interpretation. The modelling shows that the Late Jurassic rift phase was much more prominent than the Late Cretaceous and Palaeocene rift phase for all cases of underplating. A strong Late Jurassic rift phase is consistent with the accumulation space needed for the thick Cretaceous formations. There are no observations of magmatism from the Late Jurassic, although this rift phase is stronger than the Cretaceous and Palaeocene rift phase.

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