Volume 8 Number 4
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478



By direction shooting is understood a method of continuous seismic profiling with shots distributed along the total length of the geophone spread, the shots being fired either with time delays in the field, or, recorded singly on magnetizable material and composited with time‐delays. Therewith, the subsurface can be probed in any desired direction, enhancing reflections from these directions and attenuating or eliminating events from all other directions. For each reflection, the correct delay can be found by a simple procedure from a single trial record.

A complete description of the method is given, inclusive of all procedures and proofs pertaining to it. Synthetic examples and field examples illustrate the efficiency of the method and its resolving power.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Ambronn, R., 1931, Verfahren zur seismischen Bodenforschung, German Patent 521573, Issued March 24, 1931.
  2. Bayhi, J. F., 1955, Seismic Exploration with Shots above Ground, U.S. Patent 2,706,011. Patented Apr. 12, 1955.
  3. Born, W. T., Faust, L. Y. and Wolf, A., 1955, Seismic Geophysical Exploration, U.S. Patent 2,720,933. Patented Oct. 18, 1955.
  4. Eisler, J. D. and Sharpe, J. A., 1946, Recording System in Seismic Surveying, U.S. Patent 2,394,990. Patented Febr. 19, 1946.
  5. Ellis, L. G., 1941, Apparatus for Analysis of Seismographic Records, U.S. Patent 2,243, 730. Patented May 27, 1941.
  6. Flatow, T. and Carlisle, C. H., 1959, Method of Determining Seismic Reflecting Subsurfaces, U.S. Patent 2,894,596. Patented July 14, 1959.
  7. Klipsch, P. W., 1941a, Recording Seismic Waves, U.S. Patent 2,232,612. Patented Feb. 18, 1941.
  8. Klipsch, P. W., 1941b, Seismic Prospecting, U.S. Patent 2,232,613. Patented Feb. 18, 1941.
  9. Koefoed, O., 1955, On the Effect of Poisson's Ratios of Rock Strata on the Reflection Coefficients of Plane Waves, Geophysical Prospecting, III, p. 381–387.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Melton, B. S., 1959, Apparatus for Testing for the Existence of Signals in the Presence of Overriding Noise, U.S. Patent 2,897,351. Patented July 28, 1959.
  11. Mitchell, G. D., 1951, Seismic Prospecting Method, Including Generation of a Cylindrical Wave Front, U.S. Patent 2,555,806. Patented June 5, 1951.
  12. Piereau, H. and Müller, W., 1960, Improvement in the Quality of Deep Reflections by Uniformly Linear Shotpoint Arrays, Geophysical Prospecting, VIII, p. 154–163.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Pierau, H. and Rosenbach, O., 1960, Comparative Considerations on the Energy Content of Seismic Waves in Central and Linear Pattern Shooting, Geophysical Prospecting, VIII, p. 164–177.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Rieber, F., 1936a, A New Reflection System with Controlled Directional Sensitivity, Geophysics, I, p. 97–106.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Rieber, F., 1936b, Visual Presentation of Elastic Wave Patterns under Various Structural Conditions, Geophysics, I, p. 196–218.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Rieber, F., 1939a, Method of Geophysical Exploration, U.S. Patent 2,144,812. Patented Jan. 24, 1939.
  17. Rieber, F., 1939b, Wave Record Analyzer, U.S. Patent 2,155,507. Patented Apr. 25, 1939.
  18. Rieber, F., 1945, System for Geological Exploration by Elastic Waves, U.S. Patent 2,377, 903‐ Patented June 12, 1945.
  19. Rieber, F., 1947, Apparatus and Method for Making and Analyzing Geophysical Records, U.S. Patent 2,427,421. Patented Sept. 16, 1947.
  20. Rieber, F., 1953a, Dynamic Scanning System, U.S. Patent 2,628,689. Patented Feb. 17, 1953.
  21. Rieber, F., 1953b, Geophysical Display System, U.S. Patent 2,658, 579. Patented Nov. 10, 1953.
  22. Rjabinkin, L. A., 1957, Voprosy reguliruemogo napravlennogo priema (RNP) sejsmičeskich voln (On Regulated Directional Receiving of Seismic Waves), Tr. Mosk. Neft. Inst. Gostoptechizdat., Moskva 18, 8 Papers, 183 pp. (Cited from: ZwL‐Dok.‐Dienst Geophysik, Bergakademie Freiberg, Institut für Angewandte Geophysik.).
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Rosaire, E. E. and Kannenstine, F. M., 1941, Method and Apparatus for Recording Waves, U.S. Patent 2,257,859. Patented Oct. 7, 1941.
  24. Sharpe, J. A., 1957, Apparatus for Seismic Reflection Mapping, U.S. Patent 2,795,287. Patented June 11, 1957.
  25. Sherar, ST., 1938, Use of a Distributed Charge in Seismic Prospecting, U.S. Patent 2,133,484. Patented Oct. 18, 1938.
  26. Silverman, D. and Fearon, R. E., 1959, Seismic Surveying, U.S. Patent 2,889,000. Patented June 2, 1959.
  27. Wolf, A., 1947, Seismic Exploration with Control of Directional Sensitivity, U.S. Patent 2,431,600. Patented Nov. 25, 1947.
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error