1887
Volume 14 Number 4
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478

Abstract

ABSTRACT

The auto‐correlation function of a seismic trace contains information on all the multiple reflection activity present in the trace.

The interpretation of this information is facilitated by the arrangement of autocorrelation functions in cross‐sectional form, in the manner of a normal record section. This is the concept of the Sectional Auto‐Correlogram.

Specifically, the Sectional Auto‐Correlogram will.

Show if the record section include significant multiples, thus allowing confident picking of the primary reflections.

Show if the record section include significant multiples, giving their travel times and inclinations (and, under certain circumstances, their reflection coefficients).

Indicate by what process the multiples should be treated.

Yield an authoritative measure of the success of a multiple‐attenuating treatment.

Delineate shallow horizons, even those whose primary reflections are too early to be recorded satisfactorily.

Give the true travel time of a primary reflector, and the sign of its reflection coefficient.

The Sectional Auto‐Correlogram allows the study of primary reflectors by consideration of the multiples generated by them, and in this sense may be said to turn multiple reflections to advantage. Thus a primary reflection at a certain time is defined if we find that every reflection on the record is followed by a multiple after this certain time. Alternatively, a primary reflection at a certain time is defined if, after that certain time, we can find a repetition of the entire record.

The Sectional Auto‐Correlogram also has secondary uses in fault identification, crustal studies and weathering problems.

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2006-04-27
2020-09-24
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References

  1. FORD, W. T. and HEARNE, J. H., 1965, Least squares inverse filtering' presented to the 35th Annual Meeting of the SEG, Dallas, November 1965.
  2. GAPERIN, E. I., 1965, “The study of multiple‐reflected waves in vertical seismic profiling”, Izvestiya of the Academy of Sciences, USSR, Earth Physics Series, no. 12, 1965, p. 1. English edition published by AGU, April 1966.
  3. JONES, H. J. and MORRISON, J. A., 1954, “Cross‐correlation filteiing”, Geophysics, October 1954, p. 660.
  4. KUNETZ, G., 1961, “Essai ?analyse de traces sismiques”, Geophysical Prospecting, September 1961, p. 317.
  5. KUNETZ, G., 1963, “Quelques examples ?analyse ?enregistrements sismiques”, Geophysical Prospecting, December 1963, p. 409.
  6. MIDDLETON, D. and WHITTLESEY, J. R., 1965, “Seismic models and deterministic operators for marine exploration”, presented to the 35th Annual Meeting of the SEG, Dallas, November 1965.
  7. MILLOUET, J. and MORLET, J., 1965, “Utilisation ?un central de digitilisation ?enregistrements sismiques”, Geophysical Prospecting, September 1965, p. 329.
  8. SCHNEIDER, W. A., LARNER, K. L., BURG, J. P. and BACKUS, M. M., 1964, “A new data‐processing technique for the elimination of ghost arrivals on reflection seismograms”, Geophysics, October 1964, p. 783.
  9. SILVERMAN, D. and SPARKS, N. R., 1965, “Some experiments on multiple reflection cancellation”, Geophysics, December 1965, p. 1085.
  10. TANER, M. T., 1965, “Digital processing for attenuation of water reverberations and multiples – case studies”, presented to the 35th Annual Meeting of the SEG, Dallas, November 1964.
  11. WATSON, R. J., 1965, “Decomposition and suppression of multiple reflections”, Geophysics, February 1965, p. 54.
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