Volume 17 Number 3
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478



A mathematical analysis is given of the phenomenon of equivalence in resistivity sounding, which is based upon the properties of the raised kernel function. Analysis of this function instead of the apparent resistivity function is justified because, as has been shown in a previous publication, variations in the apparent resistivity function lead to variations in the raised kernel function with relative values of the same order of magnitude The expression for the raised kernel function is expanded into a Mac Laurin series. Equivalence can occur only if the second order term of this series is negligible. The coefficient of the first order term depends on the resistivity and the thickness of the layer under consideration. There is an infinite set of combinations of values for these two quantities, for which the coefficient of the first order term has the same value. All these combinations represent equivalent layer distributions.


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  1. Koefoed, O., 1968. The Application of the Kernel Function in Interpreting Geoelectrical Resistivity Measurements, Geoexploration Monographs Series 1, No. 2, Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin‐Stuttgart.
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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