Volume 20 Number 1
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478



In massive rocks ground waters mainly flow in fracture zones whose permeability greatly changes depending on their filling. When studying ground‐water flow in fissures, the results of observations of the electric fields of filtrational origin—which, in this case, considerably differ from those in porous media—can be used. Therefore the authors have made experiments on fissured media models. The measurements have been made in a special filtration tube with the fissured media simulated by a system of quartz glass plates. The spacings between plates were regarded as fissure widths. The observations have been made in fully open “fissures” and in those partially filled with sand or sandy‐clay material.

These experiments have resulted in establishing a dependence between the values of streaming potentials and pressure drops. The SP values have particularly been found to decrease with the opening of “fissures”. The most intensive electro‐filtrational fields were observed at 40 per cent filling with medium grained sand. Additions of argillaceous material to the sand filler brought about sharp reductions in the intensity of electro‐filtrational potentials.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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