Volume 25 Number 1
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478



The transient response of a layered structure to plane wave excitation can be considered to be composed of a series of waves and a ground wave. For the case of a half‐space of conductivity and permeability the maximum in the electric field is found at a depth and time when =2/2.

This formula can be used to estimate the depth to a buried horizontal conductor with an accuracy that depends upon the resistive contrast at the conductor's surface.

The above ray type of solution can be converted to a solution composed of a number of modes by the use of a Poisson transform and the transformed solutions yield decay constants that are consistent with the previously reported results.

In the case of a finite source, the maximum in the electric field is strongly directed. The direction depends upon the geometry of the source and the air‐earth interface. Although the maximum varies with direction it can be shown that in some directions similar laws to that above are valid.

The depth to a conductor can be estimated from the early part of the transients when the ground wave is removed. The removal of the ground wave from the transient is facilitated by the use of an apparent conductivity formula.

Although these results were obtained under restrictive conditions they do provide some insight into the electrical transients that are encountered by studying more complex models.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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