Volume 28 Number 3
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478



The normal moveout velocity of a reflecting bed is a function of the dips and curvatures of all overlying velocity interfaces. Now let the (– 1)th velocity interface be a non‐ (or badly) reflecting bed, whereas the other interfaces, including the base of the th layer, reflect satisfactorily, and let the velocities and of the (– 1)th and th layer, respectively, be known. Then the normal moveout velocity for the base of the th layer, if known in one direction at a certain part of the surface of the earth, provides a second order differential equation in the horizontal coordinates and for the depth () of the unknown interface.

The mathematics becomes rather simple in the case of two‐dimensional geological structures. For this case and = 2 the differential equation mentioned can be solved by stepwise integration or by iteration. One of the many possible applications of the new concept is the determination of the structure of the base of an overthrusting sheet.


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  1. KreyTh.1976, Computation of interval velocities from common reflection point moveout times for n layers with arbitrary dips and curvatures in three dimensions when assuming small shot‐geophone distances, Geophysical Prospecting24, 91–111.
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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