1887
Volume 40 Number 3
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478

Abstract

A

Microscopic fluid distribution can have a significant effect on the dielectric properties of partially saturated rocks. Evidence of this effect is found in the laboratory data presented by Knight and Nur in which different methods for controlling saturation produced very different results for the dependence of the dielectric response on water saturation. In this study, previously derived models for the dielectric response of a heterogeneous medium are generalized and the case of a pore space occupied by multiple pore fluids is considered. By using various geometrical distributions of water and gas, it is observed that both the pore geometry in which saturation conditions are changing and the gas–water geometry within a given pore space are critical factors in determining the effective dielectric response of a partially saturated rock.

As an example, data for a tight gas sandstone undergoing a cycle of imbibition and drying are analysed. Previous research has demonstrated that significantly different microscopic fluid distributions result from the application of these two techniques to control the level of water saturation. By approximating these microscopic fluid distributions using simple geometrical models, good agreement is found between experimental data and calculated dielectric properties.

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2006-04-27
2020-07-11
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