1887
Volume 42 Number 7
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478

Abstract

Abstract

A numerical simulation of electromagnetic propagation through a multilayered medium is performed in order to explain and interpret the signal received from the radar sounding of a temperate glacier. During the winter of 1990, several radar profiles were obtained on the Mont‐de‐Lans glacier in the French Alps with a ground penetrating radar which uses a phase modulation of the transmitted pulse by coded sequences. The pulse compression is obtained by applying the matched filter to the received signal, which provides a range‐resolution of about 8 m in the ice. The profiles recorded on the temperate glacier do not show a single clear reflection from the ice‐bedrock interface, but they exhibit widely distributed energy decreasing with depth. This may be due to the inhomogeneous inner structure of the temperate glacier and we use a simple model of a layered medium to compute a simulation of the propagation. Thus, partial reflection at each layer and scattering from a rough basal interface may explain the observed signal. A computer‐based technique is used to locate on the data the bottom of the glacier in order to estimate the ice thickness. The results from the different radar profiles are consistent and are a good fit to the thickness which has been determined by other geophysical methods.

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2006-04-28
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