1887
Volume 56, Issue 2
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2478

Abstract

ABSTRACT

We collected approximately one hundred independent geoelectric arrays from published geophysical literature. We have presented them in a systematic way and with a unified notation. The classification of arrays is based on three divalent parameters: “superposition” of measurements, “focusing” of currents and “colinearity” of the array, creating 8 classes of geoelectric arrays.

Among the 102 independent arrays we found in the geophysical literature, we managed to classify 92 arrays in the aforementioned way. Ten further techniques fell beyond the proposed classification.

The classification we propose may open the way to new geoelectric arrays, hopefully providing improving responses to the infinite variety of field problems we may face. It may bring to daylight, exclusively in a logical way, currently unused arrays. In searching new geoelectric arrays this paper helps to avoid rediscovering the discovered. Although it might be thought that the modern multielectrode systems will supersede all former arrays, such systematization is not only for historical and tutorial interests: some of the “old” arrays can be perhaps built into new multielectode systems, further enhancing their effectivity in the future. Finally, this collection of arrays establishes the possibility of systematic intercomparisons of arrays on the basis of various theoretical or practical aspects.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1111/j.1365-2478.2007.00673.x
2008-01-11
2020-08-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. AlfanoL.1974. A modified geoelectrical procedure using polar‐dipole arrays – An example of application to deep exploration. Geophysical Prospecting22, 510–525.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. AlpinL.M.1950. The Theory of Dipole Sounding . Gostoptekhizdat. Monograph (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  3. AlpinL.M.1966. The theory of dipole sounding. In: Dipole Methods for Measuring Earth Conductivity , pp. 1–60. Consult Bureau, New York .
    [Google Scholar]
  4. AlpinL.M., BerdichevskyM.N., VedrintsevG.A. and ZagarmistrA.M.1966. Dipole Methods for Measuring Earth Conductivity , (Selected and translated from Russian by G.V.Keller ). Colorado School of Mines, Golden , CO .
    [Google Scholar]
  5. ApparaoA.T., Gangadhara RaoT., SivaramaSastry and Subrahmanya SarmaV.1992. Depth of detection of buried conductive targets with different electrode arrays in resistivity prospecting. Geophysical Prospecting40, 749–760.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. ApparaoA., RoyA. and MallikK.1969. Resistivity model experiments. Geoexploration7, 45–52.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. BakerH.A., BoudjadjaA.G. and BenhamamK.2000. Le Dispositif Baker – Application et comparaison Memoire . Départment de Géologie, FSTGAT‐ISTHB, Algiers .
    [Google Scholar]
  8. BakerH.A. and DjeddiM.1999. Une nouvelle technique d'interprétation des données électriques et électromagnétiques . Project de Recherche 1602/09/98. Faculté des Sciences de la Terre, USZHB, Algiers .
    [Google Scholar]
  9. BakerH.A., DjeddiM., BoudjadhaA.G. and BenhamamK.2001. A different approach in delineating near‐surface buried structures. 63rd EAGE meeting, Amsterdam , the Netherlands , Expanded Abstracts, M‐17.
  10. BarkerR.D.1981. The offset system of electrical resistivity sounding and its use with a multicore cable. Geophysical Prospecting29, 128–143.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. BernabiniM., BrizzolariE. and PiroS.1988. Improvement of signal‐to‐noise ratio in resistivity profiles. Geophysical Prospecting36, 559–570.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. BlokhI.M.1971. Electrical Profiling of Resistivity Method . Nedra, Moscow (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  13. BogolyubovN.P.1984. Guide to Interpreting Two‐component‐modified VES . Stroyizdat, Moscow . (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  14. BolshakovD.K., ModinI.N., PervagoE.V. and ShevninV.A.1998. New step in anisotropy studies: Arrow type arrays. Proceedings of the 4th EEGS‐European Section Meeting , Barcelona , Spain .
  15. BrassG., FlatheH. and SchulzR.1981. Resistivity profiling with different electrode arrays over a graphite deposit. Geophysical Prospecting29, 589–600.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. BrizzolariE. and BernabiniM.1979. Comparison between Schlumberger electrode arrangement and some focused electrode arrangements in resistivity profiles. Geophysical Prospecting27, 233–244.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. CandansayarM.E. and BasokurA.T.2001. Detecting small‐scale targets by the 2D inversion of two‐sided three‐electrode data: Application to an archaeological survey. Geophysical Prospecting49, 13–25.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. CantwellT., GalbraithJ.N. and NelsonP.1964. Deep resistivity results from New York and Virginia. Journal of Geophysical Research69, 4367–4376.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. CarpenterE.W. and HabberjamG.M.1956. A tri‐potential method of resistivity prospecting. Geophysics21, 455–469.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. ClarkA.J.1990. Seeing Beneath the Soil . B.T. Batshford Ltd, London .
    [Google Scholar]
  21. CsókásJ.1963. A focused‐field geoelectric method. Acta Technica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae43, 437–451.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. DachnovV.N.1951. Electrical Prospecting of Oil and Gas Deposits . State Scientific‐Technical Publishing of Oil and Gas Literature, Moscow and Leningrad
    [Google Scholar]
  23. DachnovV.N.1953. Electrical Prospecting of Oil and Gas deposits , 2nd ednState Scientific‐Technical Publishing of Oil and Gas Literature, Moscow and Leningrad
    [Google Scholar]
  24. DahlinT. and ZhouB.2004. A numerical comparison of 2D resistivity imaging with 10 electrode arrays. Geophysical Prospecting52, 379–398.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. DoicinD.1976. Quadripole‐quadripole arrays for direct current resistivity measurements – model studies. Geophysics41, 79–95.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. FrolovV.X.1989. The possibility to increase the geological efficiency of electrical surveys. Izvestia VUZ-ov, series Geologia y Razvedka1, 100–108. (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  27. FurgersonR.B. and KellerG.V.1975. Rotating dipole methods for measuring earth resistivity. Geophysics45, 129–177.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. FurnessP.1993. Gradient array profiles over thin sensitive veins. Geophysical Prospecting41, 113–130.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. GrandinettiM.1967. Una nuova dispozicione elettrodica per la ricercia di corpe di limitate dimensioni. Boll. Di Geof. Teor. Ed. Appl.9, 219–234.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. GuptaR.N.1961. Some studies on the unipole method (a new method electrical prospecting) . PhD thesis, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur .
  31. GuptaR.N. and BhattacharyaP.K.1963. Unipole method of electrical profiling. Geophysics28, 608–616.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. HabberjamG.M.1979. Apparent Resistivity Observations and the Use of Square Array Techniques . Geoexploration Monographs, Geopublication Associates, Gebrüder Borntraeger .
    [Google Scholar]
  33. HabberjamG.M. and WatkinsG.E.1967. The use of the square configuration in resistivity prospecting. Geophysical Prospecting5, 445–467.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. HeilandC.A.1940. Geophysical Exploration . Prentice‐Hall, New York .
    [Google Scholar]
  35. HeilandC.A.1946. Geophysical Exploration . Prentice‐Hall, New York .
    [Google Scholar]
  36. HmelevskyV.K. and BondarenkoB.M.1989. Electrical prospecting. In: Geophysical Handbook, Vol. 1 (eds V.K.Hmelevsky and B.M.Bondarenko ), pp. 173–177. Nyedra, Moscow .
    [Google Scholar]
  37. HmelevskyV.K. and ShevninV.A.1994. Electrical Prospecting Using Resistivity Methods . Moscow State University. (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  38. JacksonP.D.1981. Focused electrical resistivity arrays: Some theoretical and practical experiments. Geophysical Prospecting29, 601–626.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. JakoskyJ.J.1950. Exploration Geophysics , 2 edn. Trija Publishing Co.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. KampkeA.1999. Focused imaging of electrical resistivity data in archeological prospecting. Journal of Applied Geophysics41, 215–227.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. KellerG.V. and FrischknechtF.C.1966. Electrical Methods in Geophysical Prospecting . Pergamon.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. KellerG.V., FurgersonR., LeeC.Y.N. and JacobsonJ.J.1975. The dipole mapping method. Geophysics40, 451–472.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. KunetzG.1966. Principles of Direct Current Resistivity Prospecting . Geoexploration monographs, No. 1, Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin‐Nikolassee .
    [Google Scholar]
  44. LögnÖ.1954. Mapping nearly vertical discontinuities by earth resistivities. Geophysics19, 739–760.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. MatveevB.K.1990. Electrical Prospecting . Nedra, Moscow . (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  46. MeidavT.S.V.I.1970. Arrays and nomograms for electrical resistivity exploration. Geophysical Prospecting18, 550–563.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. MilitzerH., RöslerR. and LoschW.1979. Theoretical and experimental investigations for cavity research with geoelectrical resistivity methods. Geophysical Prospecting27, 640–652.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. MogilatovV. and BalashkovD.1996. A new method of geoelectrical prospecting by vertical electric soundings. Journal of Applied Geophysics36, 31–44.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. MousatovA., PervagoE. and ShevninV.2002. Anisotropy determination in inhomogeneous media by tensor measurements of the electric field. 72nd SEG meeting, Salt‐Lake City , Nevada , USA
  50. OvchinnikovI.K.1956. On the Theory of the Distribution of Current from Point and Linear Earthings or on Inhomogeneous Halfspace . Izv. Akad. Nauk. USSR. Ser. Geofiz. No. 4.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. PalmerL.S.1960. Geoelectrical surveying of archeological sites. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society26, 64–75.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. PanissodC., DabasM., HesseA., JolivetA., TabbaghJ. and TabbaghA.1998. Recent developments in shallow‐depth electrical and electrostatic prospecting using mobile arrays. Geophysics63, 1542–1550.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. PeschelG.1967. A new favourable combination of resistivity sounding and profiling in archeological surveying. Prospezione Acheologiche2, 23–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. RabinovichB.I. and KegutinP.G.1962. Electrical sounding by field subtraction method. Geology and Geophysics5, 107–119. (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  55. RoyA. and ApparaoA.1971. Depth of investigation in direct current methods. Geophysics36, 943–959.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. RyjovA.A. and KarinskayaI.D.1981. Programs for Forward and Inverse Problem Solution for VES and IP‐VES for Computers . ES series. Moscow . (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  57. SapuzhakJ.S.1967. Higher Derivatives of the Electrical Potential in Geophysical Prospecting . Naukova Dumka, Kiev. (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  58. SapuzhakJ.S.1977. Divergent Electrical Prospecting . Naukova Dumka, Kiev. (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  59. SchulzR.1985. Interpretation and depth of investigation of gradient measurements in direct current geoelectrics. Geophysical Prospecting33, 1240–1253.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. SchwarzG.T.1961. The Zirkelsonde, a new technique for resistivity surveying. Archeometry4, 67–70.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. SeigelH.O., HillH.L. and BairdJ.G.1968. Discovery case history of the pyramid ore bodies pine point northwest territories Canada. Geophysics33, 645–656.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. SemenovA.S. and ShevninV.1994. Electrical Prospecting by Resistivity Method . Moscow State University, Moscow . (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  63. ShabanovB.A.1960. Circular array for direct current electrical sounding. Prikladnaya Geofizika26, 70–77. (In Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  64. SzalaiS., NovákA., SzarkaL.2007a. Depth of investigation of dipole‐dipole, non‐linear and focused geoelectric arrays. Near Surface 2007, Istanbul , Turkey , P26.
  65. SzalaiS., SzarkaL.2007b. Auxiliary results of collection and classification of surface geoelectric arrays. Near Surface 2007, Istanbul , Turkey , A09
  66. SzalaiS., SzarkaL., PrácserE., BoschF., MüllerI. and TurbergP.2002. Geoelectric mapping of near‐surface karstic fractures by using null arrays. Geophysics67, 1769–1778
    [Google Scholar]
  67. SzalaiS., SzarkaL., MarquisG., SailhacP., KaikkonenP. and LahtiI.2004. Colinear null arrays in geoelectrics. Proceedings of the 17th S.3‐P.3 IAGA WG 1.2 on Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth Workshop , Hyderabad , India .
  68. TakácsE.2003. Possibilities of electric sounding by vertical electric dipole at the earth's surface. “Earth electromagnetism”, Sopron, June 20–21, http://www.ggki.hu/new/fo.htm (in Hungarian)
  69. TarkhovA.G.1957. On electric geophysical exploration methods of the pure anomaly. Bull. Izv. Akad. Sc. USSR, 8, 11.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. TarkhovA.G.1980. Electrical Prospecting . Nyedra, Moscow ,
    [Google Scholar]
  71. TelfordW.M., GeldartL.P.R.E. and KeysD.A.1976. Applied Geophysics . Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  72. TsokasG.N., TsourlosP.I. and SzymanskiJ.E.1997. Square array resistivity anomalies and inhomogeneity ratio calculated by the finite element method. Geophysics62, 426–435.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. Van NostrandR.G. and CookK.L.1966. Interpretation of Resistivity Data . Geological Survey professional paper 499. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC
    [Google Scholar]
  74. WardS.H.1990. Resistivity and induced polarization methods. In: Geotechnical and Environmental Geophysics. Volume I: Review and Tutorial , pp. 147–190. SEG, Tulsa , OK .
    [Google Scholar]
  75. WestS.S.1940. Three‐layer resistivity curves for the Eltran electrode configuration. Geophysics5, 43–46
    [Google Scholar]
  76. WestT.S. and BeachamC.C.1944. Precise measurement of deep electrical anomalies. Geophysics9, 494–539.
    [Google Scholar]
  77. WeylF.G.1967. Das tripol field: Eine neue geoelektrische Messtechnik. Geoexploration5, 145–155.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. WhiteleyR.J.1972. The resistivity method of geophysical prospecting . M.Sc. thesis, University of Sydney .
  79. WhiteleyR.J.1973. Electrode arrays in resistivity and IP prospecting: A review. Bulletin of the Australian Society of Exploration. Geophysicists.4, 1–29.
    [Google Scholar]
  80. WinterH.1994. Tensor‐Geoelektrik an der Kontinentalen Tiefbohrung. Dissertation, Universität Frankfurt am Main , Fortschritt‐Berichte VDI, Reihe 8 „Meß‐, Steuerungs‐ und Regeltechnik”, Nr. 379, VDI‐Verlag, Düsseldorf.
  81. YadavG.S. and SinghC.L.1983. The linear quadripole‐dipole array in geoelectrical prospecting. Geophysics48, 1135–1139.
    [Google Scholar]
  82. YakubovskyJ.V. and LiahovL.L.1982. Electrical Prospecting . Nyedra, Moscow .
    [Google Scholar]
  83. ZhdanovM.S. and KellerG.V.1994. The Geoelectrical Methods in Geophysical Exploration . Elsevier.
    [Google Scholar]
  84. ZohdyA.1969. The use of Schlumberger and equatorial soundings in groundwater investigations near El Paso. Geophysics34, 713–728.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1111/j.1365-2478.2007.00673.x
Loading
/content/journals/10.1111/j.1365-2478.2007.00673.x
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error