1887
Volume 39, Issue 11
  • ISSN: 0263-5046
  • E-ISSN: 1365-2397

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper we present the application of a single-loop litho-petro-elastic (LPE) inversion, which is a data assimilation algorithm that uses nonlinear Zoeppritz reflectivity operators with sequential filtering. It integrates rock physics models with seismic amplitude variation with offset (AVO) inversion and Bayesian inversion to define lithology, elastic, and petrophysical properties in a single loop, thus, combining several steps of the conventional reservoir characterization workflow. In the conventional multistep approach, the lithology and petrophysical properties are generated sequentially from elastic properties after AVO inversion is performed, which can add prediction uncertainty at each step and produce results that are not correlated with each other. The LPE inversion ensures that the predicted properties maintain the relationships defined by the rock physics model. The LPE inversion was tested on data from offshore Australia with three wells, for a faulted reservoir zone containing oil with a gas cap. It provided robust predictions for lithology, porosity, and water saturation, which matched acceptably at the three wells. The algorithm also accounted for subsurface uncertainties as it produced prediction probabilities of facies, porosity, and water saturation using multidimensional probability density functions. This approach can be effectively used to classify reservoir properties in a single-loop workflow.

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