1887
Volume 5 Number 3
  • ISSN: 1569-4445
  • E-ISSN: 1873-0604

Abstract

A large‐scale resistivity imaging survey was performed in the acropolis area of Archaic Cnidos, south‐western Turkey. This survey was a part of the geophysical studies conducted between 1999 and 2004. Two‐dimensional resistivity data were acquired along a number of parallel lines using a pole–pole array. The data was processed using a 3D inversion algorithm based on a robust technique. We also applied shaded‐relief processing to enhance the representation of the images of apparent‐resistivity data and inversion results. In addition, the inverted resistivity data were visualized by a volumetric representation technique to display both the horizontal and the vertical extents of the archaeological structures. The inversion results revealed that a rectangular gridding pattern and a dense structuring existed in the depth range 0.35–1.5 m in the acropolis. Moreover, the bedrock was the base of the archaeological structures in the area. Based on the resistivity survey, four test excavations were carried out in various localities in the acropolis in 2004. These excavations yielded results supporting those obtained by the resistivity inversion. This indicated that large‐scale 3D resistivity imaging can be a useful tool in archaeological prospection.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.3997/1873-0604.2006031
2018-12-18
2020-05-30
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. BarnesA.E.2003. Short note. Shaded relief seismic attribute. Geophysics68, 1281–1285.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. BeanG.E. and CookJ.M.1952. The Cnidia. The Annual of the British School at Athens47, 171–212.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. ChambersJ.E., OgilvyR.D., KurasO., CrippsJ.C. and MeldrumP.I.2002. 3D electrical imaging of known targets at a controlled environmental test site. Environmental Geology41, 690–704.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. ClarkA.1996. Seeing Beneath the Soil . Batsford Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. DabasM., HesseA. and TabbaghJ.2000. Experimental resistivity survey at Wroxeter archaeological site with a fast and light recording device. Archaeological Prospection7, 107–118.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. DahlinT. and BernstoneC.1997. A roll‐along technique for 3D resistivity data acquisition with multi‐electrode arrays. Proceedings of SAGEEP’97 Meeting , Wheat Ridge, USA, pp. 927–935.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. DahlinT. and LokeM.H.1997. Quasi‐3D resistivity imaging‐mapping of three dimensional structures using two dimensional dc resistivity techniques. Proceedings of 3rd Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics , Aarhus, Denmark, pp. 143–146.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. DeyA. and MorrisonH.F.1979. Resistivity modeling for arbitrarily shaped three‐dimensional structures. Geophysics44, 753–780.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. DrahorM.G.2004. Application of the self‐potential method to archaeological prospection: some case histories. Archaeological Prospection11, 77–105.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. DrahorM.G.2006. Integrated geophysical studies in the upper part of Sardis archaeological site, Turkey. Journal of Applied Geophysics59, 205–223.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. DrahorM.G. and AltayE.1996. The resistivity results from the Urartian necropolis in Van and Burgaz‐Datça archaeological site. Proceedings of 12th Symposium on Archaeometry Results, pp. 139–161.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. DrahorM.G. and GöktürklerG.2003. Large‐scale magnetic and resistivity surveys at the Burgaz archaeological site, Turkey. 5th International Conference on Archaeological Prospection, Archaeologia Polona41, 149–152.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. DrahorM.G., GöktürklerG., BergeM.A. and KurtulmusÖ.T.2005. Resistivity inversion method in archaeological prospection and its importance. 6th International Conference on Archaeological Prospection, Rome, Extended Abstracts, 112–115.
  14. EllisR.G. and OldenburgD.W.1994a. Applied geophysical inversion. Geophysical Journal International116, 5–11.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. EllisR.G. and OldenburgD.W.1994b. The pole‐pole 3D DC‐resistivity inverse problem: a conjugate‐gradient approach. Geophysical Journal International119, 187–194.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. GaffneyC.F., GaterJ.A., LinfordP., GaffneyV.L. and WhiteR.2000. Large‐scale systematic fluxgate gradiometry at the Roman city of Wroxeter. Archaeological Prospection7, 81–99.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. GaffneyV., PattersonH., PiroS., GoodmanD. and NishimuraY.2004. Multimethodological approach to study and characterize Forum Novum (Vescovio, Central Italy). Archaeological Prospection11, 201–212.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. GriffithsD.H. and BarkerR.D.1993. Two‐dimensional resistivity imaging and modelling in areas of complex geology. Journal of Applied Geophysics29, 211–226.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. GriffithsD.H. and BarkerR.D.1994. Electrical imaging in archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science21, 153–158.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. HesseA., Jolivet, A. and TabbaghA.1986. New prospects in shallow depth electrical surveying for archaeological and pedological applications. Geophysics51, 585–594.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. KayanI.1988. Datça yarimadasinda Eski Knidos yerlesmesini etkileyen dogal çevre özellikleri. Ankara Universitesi, Dil ve Tarih‐Cografya Fakültesi Dergisi11, 51–70.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. KowalikW.S. and GlennW.E.1987. Image processing of aeromagnetic data and integration with Landsat images for improved structural interpretation. Geophysics52, 875–884.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. LokeM.H., AcworthI. and DahlinT.2003. A comparison of smooth and blocky inversion methods in 2D electrical imaging surveys. Exploration Geophysics34, 182–187.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. LokeM.H. and BarkerR.D.1996a. Rapid least‐squares inversion of apparent resistivity pseudosections using a quasi‐Newton method. Geophysical Prospecting44, 131–152.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. LokeM.H. and BarkerR.D.1996b. Practical techniques for 3D resistivity surveys and data inversion techniques. Geophysical Prospecting44, 499–524.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. NeubauerW. and Eder‐HinterleitnerA.1997. Resistivity and magnetics of the Roman town Carnuntum, Austria: an example of combined interpretation of prospection data. Archaeological Prospection4, 179–189.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. PapadopoulosN.G., TsourlosP., TsokasG.N. and SarrisA.2005. 2D and 3D inversion of electrical resistivity tomography data collected from archaeological sites. 6th International Conference on Archaeological Prospection, Rome, Extended Abstracts, 116–120.
  28. PatersonN.R. and ReevesC.V.1985. Applications of gravity and magnetic surveys: The state‐of‐the‐art in 1985. Geophysics50, 2558–2594.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. PetrickW.R., SillW.R. and WardS.H.1981. Three‐dimensional resistivity inversion using alpha centers. Geophysics56, 951–960.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. PiroS., GoodmanD. and NishimuraY.2003. The study and characterization of Emperor Traiano’s Villa (Altopiani di Arcinazzo, Roma) using high‐resolution integrated geophysical surveys. Archaeological Prospection10, 1–25.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. RijoL.1984. Inversion of three‐dimensional resistivity and induced‐polarization data. 54th SEG meeting, Atlanta, USA, Expanded Abstracts, 113‐117.
  32. SasakiY.1989. Two‐dimensional joint inversion of magnetotelluric and dipole‐dipole resistivity data. Geophysics54, 1270–1281.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. SasakiY.1994. 3D resistivity inversion using the finite‐element method. Geophysics59, 1839–1848.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. ScollarI., WeitnerB. and SegethK.1986. Display of archaeological magnetic data. Geophysics51, 623–633.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. TrippA.C., HohmannG.W. and SwiftC.M.Jr. 1984. Two‐dimensional resistivity inversion. Geophysics49, 1708–1717.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. TsokasG.N., GiannopoulosA., TsourlosP., VargemezisG., TealbyJ.M., SarrisA., PapazachosC.B. and SavopoulouT.1994. A large scale geophysical survey in the archaeological site of Europos (N. Greece). Journal of Applied Geophysics32, 85–98.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. TsokasG.N., TsourlosP.I., SteinhouerG., StampolidisA. and VargemezisG.2005. Large scale exploration in Marathon using electrical tomographies. 6th International Conference on Archaeological Prospection, Rome, Extended Abstracts, 205–206.
  38. TunaN.1982. The archaeological surveying in Datça peninsula. 4th International Symposium of Excavations, Surveys and Archaeometry, Directory of Antiquities , pp. 357–372.
  39. TunaN.1996. The archaeological excavations at Burgaz/Datça. 19th International Symposium of Excavations, Surveys and Archaeometry II, Directory of Antiquities , pp. 255–272.
  40. WolkeR. and SchwetlickH.1988. Iteratively reweighted least squares algorithms, convergence analysis, and numerical comparisons. SIAM Journal of Scientific and Statistical Computations9, 907–921.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.3997/1873-0604.2006031
Loading
/content/journals/10.3997/1873-0604.2006031
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error