1887
Volume 13 Number 6
  • ISSN: 1569-4445
  • E-ISSN: 1873-0604

Abstract

The geophysical prospection of Neolithic tells imposes specific challenges due to the preservation and nature of the architectural context and the multiple, usually disturbed, soil strata. Contrary to the usual application of a single method, this paper deals with the advantages of using an integrated geophysical approach through the employment of various methodologies to map the Neolithic cultural and environmental landscape of Thessalian tells () in Central Greece. The success and failure of each method in resolving the various features of the are discussed in detail, and as a whole, they demonstrate the benefits of a manifold geophysical prospection of the sites.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.3997/1873-0604.2015041
2015-09-01
2020-07-06
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. AgapiouA., HadjimitsisD.G., AlexakisD. and SarrisA.2012. Observatory validation of Neolithic tells (“Magoules”) in the Thessalian plain, central Greece, using hyperspectral spectroradiometric data. Journal of Archaeological Science39, 1499–1512.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. AlexakisD., SarrisA., AstarasT. and AlbanakisK.2009. Detection of Neolithic settlements in Thessaly (Greece) through multispectral and hyperspectral satellite imagery.Sensors9, 1167–1187.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. BaileyD.W., AndreescuR., HowardA.J., MacklinM.G. and MillsS.2002. Alluvial landscapes in the temperate Balkan Neolithic: transitions to tells.Antiquity76, 349–355.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. BaileyD.W., TringhamR., BassJ., StevanovićM., HamiltonM., NeumannH. et al. 1998. Expanding the dimensions of early agricultural tells: The Podgoritsa Archaeological Project, Bulgaria.Journal of Field Archaeology25, 373–396.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. BenechC., TabbaghA. and DesvignesG.2002. Joint inversion of EM and magnetic data for near‐surface studies.Geophysics67, 1729–1739.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. BergeM.A. and DrahorM.G.2011. Electrical resistivity tomography investigations of multilayered archaeological settlements: Part II – A case from Old Smyrna Höyük, Turkey.Archaeological Prospection18, 291–302.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. CardarelliE. and Di FilippoG.2009. Integrated geophysical methods for the characterisation of an archaeological site (Massenzio Basilica – Roman forum, Rome, Italy).Journal of Applied Geophysics68, 508–521.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. CasanaJ., HerrmannJ.T. and FogelA.2008. Deep subsurface geophysical prospection at Tell Qarqur, Syria.Archaeological Prospection15, 207–225.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. ConyersL.B., ErnenweinE.G., GrealyM. and LoweK.M.2008. Electromagnetic conductivity mapping for site prediction in meandering river floodplains.Archaeological Prospection15, 81–91.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. DemouleJ.‐P. and PerlèsC.1993. The Greek Neolithic: a new review.Journal of World Prehistory7, 355–416.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. De SmedtP., Van MeirvenneM., SaeyT., BaldwinE., GaffneyC. and GaffneyV.2014. Unveiling the prehistoric landscape at Stonehenge through multi‐receiver EMI.Journal of Archaeological Science50, 16–23.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. DesvignesG., TabbaghA. and BenechC.1999. The determination of the depth of magnetic anomaly sources.Archaeological Prospection6, 85–105.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. DrahorM.G.2006. Integrated geophysical studies in the upper part of Sardis archaeological site, Turkey.Journal of Applied Geophysics59, 205–223.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. HalsteadP.1992. Dimini and the “DMP”: faunal remains and animal exploitation in Late Neolithic Thessaly. Annual of the British School at Athens87, 29–59.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. HamilakisY. and Kyparissi‐ApostolikaN.2012. Koutroulou Magoula in central Greece: from the Neolithic to the present.Antiquity86.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. KeayS., EarlG., HayS., KayS., OgdenJ. and StruttK.D.2009. The role of integrated geophysical survey methods in the assessment of archaeological landscapes: the case of Portus.Archaeological Prospection16, 154–166.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. NovoA., VincentM.L. and LevyT.E.2012. Geophysical surveys at Khirbat Faynan: an ancient mound site in Southern Jordan.International Journal of Geophysics2012, 8.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. PapadopoulosN.G., SarrisA., ParkinsonW.A., GyuchaA., YerkesR.W., DuffyP.R. et al. 2014. Electrical resistivity tomography for the modelling of cultural deposits and geomophological landscapes at Neolithic sites: a case study from Southeastern Hungary.Archaeological Prospection21 (3).
    [Google Scholar]
  19. PapadopoulosN., SarrisA. and SalviM.C.2011. Reconstruction of the Archaeo‐Landscape around the Area of the Magoula “Zerelia” in Almyros (Volos, NE Greece). 9th International Conference of Archaeological Prospection, September 19–24, Izmir, Turkey.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. PétronilleM., ThiessonJ., SimonF.‐X. and BuchsenschutzO.2010. Magnetic signal prospecting using multiparameter measurements: the case study of the Gallic Site of Levroux.Archaeological Prospection17, 141–150.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. SarrisA, Adrimi‐SismaniV., TopouziS., SoetensS., TriantafyllidisF., KevgasV. et al. 2001. Geophysical Prospection in Mycenaean Dimini, Magnesia (Greece). 4th International Conference on Archaeological Prospection, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. SarrisA.2013. Multi+ or manifold geophysical prospection? In: Archaeology in the Digital Era – Volume II, e‐Papers from the 40th Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA2012), Southampton, 26–30 March 2012 (eds G.Earl , T.Sly , A.Chrysanthi , P.Murrieta‐Flores , C.Papadopoulos , I.Romanowska and D.Wheatley ). Amsterdam University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. SchmidtA. and FazeliH.2007. Tepe Ghabristan: a Chalcolithic tell buried in alluvium.Archaeological Prospection14, 38–46.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. SimonF.‐X., KoziolA. and ThiessonJ.2012. Investigating magnetic ghosts on an early middle age settlement: comparison of data from stripped and non‐stripped areas.Archaeological Prospection19, 191–200.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. StevanovićM.1997. The age of clay: the social dynamics of house destruction.Journal of Anthropological Archaeology16, 334–395.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. TabbaghA.1984. On the comparison betzeen magnetic qnd electromagnetic prospection methods for magnetic features detection.Archaeometry26, 171–182.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. TabbaghA.1986. Applications and advantages of the Slingram electromagnetic method for archaeological prospecting.Geophysics51, 576–584.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. ThiessonJ., KessouriP., SchamperC. and TabbaghA.2014. Calibration of frequency‐domain electromagnetic devices used in near‐surface surveying.Near Surface Geophysics12(4).
    [Google Scholar]
  29. ToufexisG.2006. I limni Karla (Voiviis) Kai I Anaskafi Ston Proistoriko Oikismo Sti Thesi Palioskala. Prota Symperasmata Kai Prooptikes [The Lake Karla (Viviis) and the Excavation at the Prehistoric Settlement at Palioskala. First Results and Perspectives]. In: Archaiologiko Ergo Thessalias Kai Stereas Elladas. Praktika Epistimonikis Synantisis1, 55–64. Volos: Ministry of Education and University of Thessaly.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. TsokasG., VargemezisG., StambolidisA. and Kyparissi‐ApostolikaN.2009. Geophysical Survey at Koutroulou Magoula, near Neo Monastiri (Prefecture of Phtiotida). In: Archaeologiko Ergo Thessalias kai Stereas Elladas Tomos II (ed A.Mazarakis‐Ainian ), pp. 829–837.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. VafidisA., EconomouN., GaniatsosY., ManakouM., PoulioudisG., SourlasG. et al. 2005. Integrated geophysical studies at ancient Itanos (Greece).Journal of Archaeological Science32, 1023–1036.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. VouzaxakisK.2008. Geographical patterns and theories of the intercommunal space in the Neolithic Thessaly. PhD thesis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. WijnenM.‐H.J.M.N.1981. The early Neolithic I settlement at Sesklo: an early farming community in Thessaly, Greece.Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia14, 1–146.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. YerkesR.W., SarrisA., FrolkingT., ParkinsonW.A., GyuchaA., HardyM. et al. 2007. Geophysical and geochemical investigations at two early copper age settlements in the Körös River Valley, Southeastern Hungary.Geoarchaeology22, 845–871.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.3997/1873-0604.2015041
Loading
/content/journals/10.3997/1873-0604.2015041
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error