Global warming, or global temperature increase with potential catastrophic consequences for life on the Earth, is caused by the following gases: carbon-dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), hydro- and perfluorine-carbonate mixtures (HFCs and PFCs), as well as sulphur-hexafluoride (SF6). Four ways for solving greenhouse gases reduction are known: 1. Energy efficiency; 2. Renewable energy sources (wind, solar energy, biomass, geothermal energy, energy of tide and waves); 3. (New) fossil fuels followed by geological storage of CO2; 4. Nuclear energy. During oil and gas exploitation, CO2 content is the significant problem. However, the gas emission into atmosphere is one of main carriers of sudden climate changes (Kyoto protocol).


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