1887

Abstract

Joint inversion of P-waves (compressional waves) and PS-waves (converted P to S-waves) is becoming more important for pore pressure prediction, time-lapse effects and characterizing the stress and fracture state of reservoirs. However accurate results will depend on how well the principal S-wave (shear-wave) directions can be determined in anisotropic media. PS-wave reflection coefficients in azimuthally anisotropic media produce a set of non-orthogonal amplitude modes that can complicate the estimation of principal S-wave directions. <br><br>The purpose of this study is to show that a conventional Alford rotation provides the correct principal direction for non-orthogonal PS-wave modes in azimuthally anisotropic media when reflection coefficients vary azimuthally. Fast and slow S-wave components of 4C (four component) Alford data are examined in terms of azimuthally anisotropic PS-waves reflection coefficients. Results for orthorhombic media illustrate that the Alford data matrix is diagonally dominant when properly aligned with the principal directions. A synthetic data set consisting of a 5-layer model representing vertical fractures of different orientations demonstrates that conventional Alford rotation and layer stripping will give the correct principal directions when the off-diagonal traces are minimized.<br>

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/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.20.B008
2006-10-16
2020-05-27
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.20.B008
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