Traditionally, the study of ancient cultures is concerned with the excavation of habitations, monuments<br>and the retrieval of artifacts, however one may also gain specific knowledge about a civilization on a<br>smaller scale, that of the artifact itself. By using non-destructive evaluation techniques such as industrial<br>computed tomography (CT) x-rays and scientific visualization, information can be obtained about the<br>internal composition and structure of an object at resolutions of millimeters or even microns. As this type<br>of data acquisition is non-destructive and non-invasive, the technique has profound implications in the<br>analysis of materials in the fields of archaeology as well as other areas of science and engineering. For<br>ancient artifacts, this may be the only means of non-destructively determining the structural integrity and<br>composition of rare, precious and fragile objects, thereby contributing to their authenticity and valuation.<br>In this paper, the results of a study of an ancient Egyptian cat mummy using a high resolution XRII based<br>quantitative volume CT scanner are presented. The study was initiated to confirm the internal<br>composition of the mummy and to discover further details about its contents and method of preservation.<br>This methodology produced meaningful results that enabled a more complete understanding of an artifact<br>that could not otherwise be achieved without disturbing the artifact. Applications related to other fields<br>such as civil engineering (composition and structure in concrete drillcore) are also discussed.


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