Hydrocarbon traps are generally located beneath complex geological structures. Such areas contain many seismic diffractors that carry detailed structure information in the order of the seismic wavelength. Therefore, the development of computational<br>resources capable of detecting diffractor points with a good resolution is desirable, but has been a challenge in the area of seismic processing. In this work, we present a method for the detection of diffractor points in the common-offset gathers domain. In our approach, the diffraction imaging is based on the diffraction operator, which can be used in both the time and depth domains, in accordance with the complexity of the area. This method, which does not require any knowledge apart from the migration velocity field (i.e., rms velocities or interval velocities) applies pattern recognition to the amplitudes along the diffraction operator. Numerical examples using synthetic and real data demonstrate the feasibility of the technique.


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