The crustal structure of the Bushveld Complex is investigated by jointly inverting high-frequency teleseismic receiver functions and 2–60 sec Rayleigh wave group velocities for 16 broadband seismic stations spanning the Bushveld Complex. Rayleigh wave group velocities for 2–15 sec periods were obtained from a surface wave tomography using local and regional events, while group velocities for 20–60 sec periods were taken from a published model. The 1-D Vs models obtained for each station show the presence of a thickened crust in the centre of the Bushveld Complex, and that Vs4.0 km/s over a significant portion of the lower crust (30 km depth). The 1-D Vs models also reveal that the upper crustal structure (10 km depth) across the Bushveld Complex is characterized by Vs as high as ~3.7–3.8 km/s, consistent with the presence of mafic lithologies. These results support a “continuous-sheet” as opposed to a “dipping-sheet” model for the Bushveld Complex. However, detailed modelling of receiver functions at one station within the centre of the complex suggests that the mafic layering is inhomogeneous and could have been locally disrupted by diapirism and metamorphism.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error