Advanced directional drilling technology has made it possible to drill extended reach wells with long horizontal displacements, resulting in optimally placed wellbores within reservoirs and more economical hydrocarbon production. Logging-while-drilling (LWD) technologies provide new opportunities to improve reservoir characterization and geologic models however, the complicated wellbore and formation geometries in highly deviated wells impose difficulties for quantitative interpretation of well logs using conventional petrophysical analysis methods. LWD log interpretation in high-angle and horizontal wells is often limited to geosteering in well placement applications and qualitative reservoir description. We developed a state-of-the-art formation evaluation toolkit for quantitative interpretation of well logs in high-angle and horizontal (HA/HZ) wells. Starting with wellbore images and standard triple-combo field logs, the workflow consists of: 1) 3D and 2D displays for well path, wellbore images and field logs to quality control the data; 2) comprehensive image and log analysis to build a 3D geometrical earth model; 3) depth coherence analysis to effectively correct the recorded wellbore images of various logging tool sensors with different depths of investigation; 4) 3D joint inversion to accurately model and interpret gamma-ray, neutron, density and resistivity logs in order to build a common petrophysical earth model; and 5) populating the common earth model with bedding geometries and rock- and fluid-property distributions. The toolkit has been successfully applied to a field example to illustrate its applications in quantitative reservoir characterization of net-to-gross (N/G), porosity (), and water saturation (Sw). Incorporating more accurate descriptions of bedding dips and azimuths from HA/HZ wells within the earth model results in improved geologic models for reservoir simulation. Sensitivity analysis in the workflow defines the uncertainties in wellbore image analysis and wellbore directional surveys. Additional uplift in reservoir characterization includes quantifying lateral variations and improving reservoir facies classifications, along with delineating potential calcite zones and quantifying stratigraphic bedding and orientation. The results include bed thickness distributions and guidance to appropriate petrophysical cutoff values.


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