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Abstract

Classic hydraulic fracturing analysis is based on tensile strength of rock, failure criteria of fracture mechanics or Mohr-Coulomb criteria. The existing hydraulic fracturing theories consider little of permeability of fracture reservoir and effective fracturing range, which is exactly the purpose of fracturing. On the other hand, when evaluating effect of massive hydraulic fracturing (MHF), there may be lots of fracture initiation points and cracks due to large range of MHF, which brings huge challenges to numerical calculation of hydraulic fracturing. MHF will have an effect on a large range of reservoir and accompany in-line micro-earthquakes, which indicate that lots of hydraulic fractures of different scales and directions are generated. Therefore, there will be difficulties to analyze cracking and propagating and estimate geometrical parameters by tensile criteria or fracture criteria. Even if the classic method is feasible, processing of element grid after rock failures will be a problem. Aguilera (1995) considered shear failure criteria as failure criteria of rocks and proposes fracturing theory of divergent or branched cracks, and that explains the generation of in-line micro-earthquakes in hydraulic fracturing. But the present analysis is just a qualitative method but not quantitative method. In fact, the basic goal of hydraulic fracturing is enhancing permeability of reservoirs as large as possible rather than producing one or two fractures. Analysis of fracturing effects is analyzing the influence of effective fracturing range on reservoir permeability. While the existing hydraulic fracturing theories just consider propagations and fracture initiations of one or two cracks but little of the quantitative estimation for effective fracturing range. Hence it is necessary to find a better mechanical method to make up deficiencies of the existing fracturing analysis and overcome the difficulties of processing element grid after rock failures. This study introduces continuum damage mechanics (Gurson damage model) to hydraulic fracturing, analyzes theories and techniques of hydraulic fracturing of porous reservoirs in terms of continuum damage mechanics and discusses damage effects of hydraulic fracturing to reservoirs. An analysis evaluation system of hydraulic fracturing continuum mechanics is set up, and by using damage theories, a method of analyzing hydraulic fracturing in fissured porous reservoirs is discussed.

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/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.395.IPTC-17278-MS
2014-01-19
2020-07-11
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.395.IPTC-17278-MS
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