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Abstract

This paper discusses an approach used to assess liquid film erosion/corrosion effects in the tubing strings of sour, high-rate, wet gas producers. This was done as an alternative to API RP 14E, which utilises an empirical erosional velocity factor “C” to estimate maximum velocity limits to minimise the potential for tubing metal loss from erosional effects. Many RasGas wells are completed with a full L-80 carbon steel or a combination L-80/Corrosion Resistant Alloy (CRA) production string. Once on production, a thin iron sulfide scale develops on the tubing wall significantly retarding the rate of metal loss due to internal corrosion. However, shear stresses generated from the condensate/water film flowing along the tubing wall could potentially remove this protective iron sulfide coating and expose fresh metal to much higher corrosion rates. This paper describes the approach adopted to assess the magnitude of shear stress created across a range of flow conditions including well production rates, fluid properties, and completion sizes using transient 1D flow simulation and more detailed 3D computational fluid dynamics modelling. The results will be used to design future laboratory experiments to assess the effect of these stresses on the integrity and effectiveness of the iron sulfide scale in reducing corrosion rates.

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/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.395.IPTC-17293-MS
2014-01-19
2021-10-19
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.395.IPTC-17293-MS
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