The youngest major reservoirs and seals of the northern Arabian Plate occur in the Chattian, Aquitanian, and Burdigalian. They unconformably overlie major reservoirs of the Oligocene Kirkuk Group, shelfal carbonates formed on the northeast margin of the Mesopotamian Basin. Deep-marine carbonates of the upper-Chattian Ch3 and lower-Aquitanian Aq1 sequences (Serikagni Formation) were deposited within the basin. A thin anhydrite occurs at the base. These pass upwards into shelfal carbonates (Euphrates and Middle Asmari formations), which lie unconformably above older shelfal carbonates around the basin. The basin is completely filled by evaporites and carbonates of the upper-Aquitanian Aq2 sequence and lowstand of the basal-Burdigalian Bur1 sequence (Dhiban Formation and Kalhur Anhydrite). The top of the shelfal carbonates is a subaerial unconformity. Shelfal carbonates (Jeribe and Upper Asmari formations) were deposited in the transgressive to highstand systems tracts of the Bur1 and Bur2 sequences. Subaerial-exposure surfaces are recognized at the top of each of these sequences. Cyclical marginal-marine to nonmarine evaporites, carbonates and siliciclastics (Transition Beds of the Fat’ha Formation, and lower Gachsaran Formation) lap onto the underlying sequences. In parts of northern Iraq the Basal Fars Conglomerate occurs at the base of the Fat’ha Formation, composed of pebbles of the underlying Oligocene-Miocene carbonates and various lithoclasts of Jurassic-Paleogene age transported from the hinterland to the northeast. Deposition of the evaporite-bearing Fat’ha Formation ended in the late Burdigalian to early Langhian. Oolitic-skeletal grainstones and skeletal-peloidal packstones and wackestones of the Euphrates and Jeribe formations are partly to completely dolomitized and have 8-20% interparticle, intercrystalline and moldic porosity and 1-10 mD permeability. Basinal wackestones and mudstones of the Dhiban and Serikagni formations are dolomitic and have 10-17% porosity with <1 mD permeability. Thin limestones of the Transition Beds have 4-15% porosity with <1 mD permeability. Evaporites of the Fat’ha and Dhiban formations are the primary seals for these reservoirs.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error