Complex velocity models, limitations in acquisition geometry and frequency bandwidth, give rise to distortions in prestack depth migrated (PSDM) images. Such distortions can be modelled as the 2D convolution between the actual reflectivity and a resolution function. In the case of Born scattering, the resolution function is referred to as point spread function (PSF). The PSFs can be calculated with relatively low computational effort by ray tracing. In this work, we review the basic idea of the PSF and its relationship with seismic images generated by PSDM. With the help of the PSF concept, we propose the use of 2D spiking deconvolution with the aim of minimizing these image distortions. Finally, the potential and limitations of the proposed method are explored with applications on controlled synthetic data.


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