Large scale implementation of CO2 storage can significantly reduce emission of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. However, safe and long-term containment of CO2 in storage reservoirs must be ensured. Wellbores in the subsurface present possible leakage pathways for CO2 to the surface and hence wellbore cement reactivity is of major concern. Previous experimental studies of cement reactivity often use high brine to cement ratios which may lead to overestimations of the rate of cement alteration. We aim to study cement reactivity under more realistic CO2 storage conditions. Limited brine is used to represent a wellbore environment with brine mainly present in pore space. The experimental results show a cease or significant reduction of reaction progression after 7 days due to saturation of the fluid. This inhibits further cement dissolution and re-dissolution of secondary calcite. The observed reaction zones are matched by geochemical modeling, showing from core to rim: unreacted cement (zone A), portlandite dissolution and increased porosity (zone B), major calcite and reduced porosity plus minor ferrihydrite precipitation (zone Ci) and minor calcite precipitation (zone Cii). The calibration of the geochemical model aids the development of an accurate reactive transport model for long-term cement alteration and integrity prediction.


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