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### Abstract

Heavy oil in the quasi-solid state has a finite shear modulus induced by shear viscosity. Similar, bulk modulus of heavy oil shows an additional increment, which is induced by volume viscosity (e.g. Litovitz and Davis, 1964). We investigate the volume vis

/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201400556
2009-06-08
2021-10-27