Over 70 percent of the island's total energy consumption was satisfied by firewood, agricultural residues, and animal waste, mostly for household use. Coal or petroleum deposits have not been discovered in the country yet, and the only other indigenous energy source was hydropower. Though Sri Lanka does not fall within very active tectonic zone in the earth , as nature’s wonderful gift, several hot water springs occur in the island (Map 2). However, no adequate steps have been taken to develop these thermal resources for use as energy resources.


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