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Abstract

Summary

Quantitative interpretation teams face two challenges when using model-based inversion: to extract meaningful wavelets and to build accurate low frequency models. The lack of low frequencies in conventional seismic data means that a low frequency model must be incorporated in the inversion process in order to recover absolute impedance values. Typically, low frequency models are obtained from low-pass filtered impedance logs. If well-logs are sparse and the geology complex, the well-derived low frequency model may be inaccurate and cause biased inversion results. One option to improve the low frequency model is to use seismic velocities. However, while seismic velocities provide information at very low frequencies (0–5 Hz), they are not usually suitable to provide information for the missing frequencies in the range from 5 to 10 Hz with conventional seismic data. Seismic data acquired using variable depth streamers are ideally suited for inversion as they provide directly these missing low frequencies, hence removing the need to build low frequency initial models from well data. In order to quantify the impact of the low frequency content on seismic inversion, comparative elastic inversion tests have been conducted using 3-D seismic data from conventionally towed Constant Depth Streamer (CDS) acquisition and broadband Variable Depth Streamer (VDS) acquisition. Both datasets from offshore Brasil, Santos Basin were acquired at different time. The CDS survey was acquired and processed in 2000, the VDS was acquired in 2012 and this paper uses fasttrack processing results. The VDS survey was acquired with streamer depth ranging from 10 to 50m.

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/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.20140489
2014-06-16
2019-12-05
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References

  1. Soubaras, R. and Whiting, P.
    , 2011, Variable depth streamer: The new broadband acquisition system. 81th SEG Annual Meeting, Expanded Abstracts30, 4349–4353.
    [Google Scholar]
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