Using micrometric glass beads, we build small scale physical models with increasing degrees of complexity in order to address theoretical and methodological issues of seismic methods (velocity gradients, lateral variations, pore overpressure, etc.). We simulate seismic records at the surface of the laboratory models thanks to a mechanical source and a laser-Doppler vibrometer. From recorded seismograms, we are able to invert surface-wave dispersion for one or two-dimensional velocity structures. These experiments are for instance used as benchmarks for processing and inversion techniques, enable the validation of numerical methods, or make it possible to study issues related to pore fluids.


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