The high costs associated with hydrocarbon exploration in deep water have led to an increased business demand for acquisition and processing of high-resolution broadband seismic data. In this paper, we review our experience of working on the Shell Sandman 3D survey, which was acquired using variable-depth streamers and synchronized multi-level sources. We focus on the key factors that influence the surface seismic temporal resolution and the technologies that provide solutions to these challenges: (1) source deghosting using source designature derived from near-field hydrophone data; (2) receiver deghosting using the 3D deghosting algorithm; and (3) compensation for the Earth absorption using centroid frequency shift Q tomography (FS-QTOMO) and QPSDM. The extra-wide bandwidth obtained from these processes provides a final image with detailed resolution that enhances quantitative characterization, not only for shallow geo-hazards but also for resolving relatively thin reservoirs in the deep section. Therefore, we can conclude that broadband seismic surveys coupled with advanced seismic processing techniques, provide an effective solution for generating high-resolution seismic images.


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