The historic closed-loop seismic reservoir monitoring workflow is redefined to incorporate the geologic, reservoir simulation, and geomechanical models into an integrated full-field coupled Dynamic Integrated Earth Model (DIEM) to surface. From which elastic parameters for a range of reservoir simulations can be derived via the petro-elastic rock-physics model for input into the field-wide finite-difference forward-modelling with realistic calibrated noise, imaged to produce a high-fidelity prediction of the 4D signal. The Chimera geologic, reservoir, and geomechanical models were integrated into a DIEM. The Chimera turbidity type reservoir model has a maximum sand porosity of 0.25 and a maximum permeability of 200 mD with light oil and an initial gas cap supported by an aquifer from the bottom, accumulated within a structural trap segmented by normal faults. Production scenarios are simulated at the reservoir pressure corresponding to the baseline date, and four future realisations. These are transformed into elastic properties for the finite-difference forward-modelling. The modelled data with calibrated noise for each scenario is imaged, and differenced to quantify the type, magnitude and location of the 4D signal. Hence we determine if the base-line or an alternative geometry will measure the 4D signal at the required timestep and consequently if the reservoir is a candidate for seismic reservoir monitoring.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Calvert, R.
    [2005] Insights and Methods for 4D Reservoir Monitoring and Characterization. SEG Distinguished Instructor Series No. 8.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Gosselin, O., Aanonsen, S.I., Aavatsmark, I., Cominelli, A., Gonard, R., Kolasinski, M. and Neylon, K.
    [2003] History Matching Using Time-lapse Seismic (HUTS). Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/84464‑MS.
    https://doi.org/10.2118/84464-MS [Google Scholar]
  3. H.Gjøystdal, Iversen, E., Lecomte, I., Kaschwich, T., Drottning, Å. and Mispel, J.
    [2007] Improved applicability of ray tracing in seismic acquisition, imaging, and interpretation. Geophysics, 72(5) September-October.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Hurren, C.A., Broad, C., Duncan, G., Hill, R.A. and Lumley, D.E.
    [2012] Successful Application Of 4D Seismic In The Stybarrow Field, Western Australia. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/158753‑MS.
    https://doi.org/10.2118/158753-MS [Google Scholar]
  5. Johnston, D.H.
    [2013] Practical Applications of Time-Lapse Seismic Data. SEG Distinguished Instructor Series No. 16.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Pluchery, E., Toinet, S., Cruz, P., Camoin, A. and Franco, J.
    [2013] Intensive Use of 4D Seismic in Reservoir Monitoring, Modelling and Management: The Dalia Case Study. International Petroleum Technology Conference. doi: 10.2523/17047‑MS.
    https://doi.org/10.2523/17047-MS [Google Scholar]
  7. Rabani, M.N.A., Adams, E., Ryba, A., Harwijanto, J., Warrlich, G., Fui, L.H. and Van Zandvoord, W.
    [2014] An Integrated Approach to Understand the Remaining Potential and Ultimate Hydrocarbon Recovery of a Giant Carbonate Gas Field, Offshore Sarawak, Malaysia. Offshore Technology Conference. doi: 10.4043/24994‑MS.
    https://doi.org/10.4043/24994-MS [Google Scholar]
  8. Staples, R., Ita, J., Burrell, R. and Nash, R.
    [2007] Monitoring pressure depletion and improving geomechanical models of the Shearwater Field using 4D seismic. The Leading Edge, May2007, 636–642.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Taggart, I., Ali, A., Mee, B., Smith, M., Gerhardt, A. and Bourdon, L.
    [2008] Integrating 4D Seismic Data with Production Related Effects at Enfield, North West Shelf, Australia. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/116916‑MS.
    https://doi.org/10.2118/116916-MS [Google Scholar]
  10. Ullmann De Brito, D., Caletti, L. and Moraes, R.
    [2011] Incorporation of 4D Seismic in the Re-construction and History Matching of Marlim Sul Deep Water Field Flow Simulation Model. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/143048‑MS.
    https://doi.org/10.2118/143048-MS [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error