Water resources and their efficient management though specialized hydraulic construction works comprise the basic guide in each human activity and the main criterion for the selection of a permanent residence. This work describes how geophysical methods can be used in order to map such hydraulic structures enlightening at the same time past and completely unexplored archaeological hypotheses. To this direction a high resolution surface 3D ERT survey was completed at the site of “Anemomylos” on the hill Pyrgi, the Acropolis of Eleutherna in Central Crete (Greece). The analysis and the 3D inversion of the data revealed the existence of a new structure that is either a cistern or a basin to the management of water. This lies between the aqueduct tunnel and the two existing cisterns verifying a past archaeological hypothesis.


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