The famous Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounio in Attica, whose columns still stand today, was probably built in 440 BC. by Athenians after its first destruction by Persian troops during Xerxes I’s invasion of Greece in 480 BC. and his defeat in the naval Battle of Salamis. The later construction was during the ascendancy of Athenian statesman Pericles, who also rebuilt the Parthenon in Athens. An integrated geophysical investigation in the Temple with EM, GPR and ERT measurements and the appropriate field design, processing and interpretation, has detected horizontal features and vertical ones under the Temple with the later being either walls of the previous temple or constructions to hold loose material on which the existing Temple of Poseidon is. Sudden conductivity changes in EM, diffractions in GPR and lateral inhomogeneities in ERT sections through pole-dipole array and MOST technique indicate in the same position the vertical features.


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