In this study, specimens collected from the site of sandy soil were used for indoor soil lab test to measure their physical properties. By applying the empirical formula capable of calculating the volumetric water content from the dielectric constant and the other empirical formula capable of calculating the dielectric constant based on the values of basic physical properties of specimens, their compatibilities were examined. By exploiting the numerical modelling technique, several ways to derive the dielectric constant of underground medium through GPR prospecting were reviewed and compared. The derivation of volumetric water content and dielectric constant through indoor soil lab test and the method of GPR prospecting is illustrated in Figure 1 .

Thereby, the characteristics of ground behaviour corresponding to different capillary suction forces in the course of ground excavation were analysed through numerical analysis of ground. In addition, the correlation between volumetric water content and capillary suction in an unsaturated soil was examined.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Kuroda, S., Jang, H., and Kim, H. J.
    , 2009, Time-lapse borehole rata monitoring of an infiltration experiment in the vadose zone, Journal of Applied Geophysics, 67, 361–366.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Malicki, M. A., Plagge, R., and Roth, C. H.
    , 1996, Improving the Calibration of Dielectric TDR Soil Moisture Determination Taking into Account the Solid Soil, European Journal of Soil Science, 47, 357–366.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Pyke, K., Eyuboglu, S., Daniels, J. J., and Vendl, M.
    , 2008, A Controlled Experiment to Determine the Water Table Response Using Ground Penetrating Radar, Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, 13, 335–342.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Sabouroux, P., and Ba, D.
    , 2011, Epsimu, a tool for dielectric properties measurement of porous media: Application in wet-granular materials characterization, Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, 29, 191–207.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Siddiqui, S. I., and Drnvich, V. P.
    , 1995, Use of Time Domain Reflectometry for determination of water content and density of soil, FHWA/IN/JHRP-95-9, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Topp, G. C., Davis, J. L., and Annan, A. P.
    , 1980, Electromagnetic determination of soil water content: Measurements in coaxial transmission lines, Water Resource Research, 16, 574–582.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Warren, C., Giannopoulos, A., and GiannakisI.
    , 2015, An advanced GPR modelling framework - the next generation of gprMax, In Proc. 8th Int. Workshop Advanced Ground Penetrating Radar.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error