The Illinois Basin - Decatur Project (IBDP) is to date one of the largest CO2 sequestration projects in the United States. So far, 1 Mio tonnes of CO2 have been injected over 3 years into the Mt. Simon sandstone formation at about 2 km depth. A suite of various active and passive seismic monitoring techniques have been applied at the site, providing a rich monitoring dataset. Time-lapse 3D surface seismic and VSP measurements were carried out to delineate the progression of the CO2 front. In addition, passive seismic monitoring revealed over 10’000 microseismic events. As a novel method, we attempt to combine the active and passive seismic data for seismic tomographic inversion for the 4D velocity- and attenuation structure in the reservoir. The combined aperture and higher resolution focuses on the reservoir and may allow a more precise mapping of the injected fluid over time. To investigate 4D changes of velocities and attenuation a similar source and receiver distribution is required. This is a particular challenge for microseismic events. High microseismic event location accuracy is essential, which we intend to improve by near surface material characterization, both from downhole petrophysical logging and seismic velocity logging within newly drilled shallow wells.


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