1887

Abstract

Summary

Along with source effects and path effects, local site effects are among the main factors defining parameters of strong motion. The effects of soil response during strong earthquakes have always received considerable attention in seismology, because most urbanized areas are located in river valleys, on soft sediments. Large cities, such as, Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Salvador, Caracas, Lima, Bogota, Kathmandu, Manila, Thessaloniki, Mexico city, and others are located in river valleys in seismic areas. The prevalence and significance of these effects stimulated numerous instrumental, theoretical, and numerical studies aimed at better understanding and quantifying of the effects. To date, seismology has developed methods for reliable evaluation of these effects.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201800601
2018-04-23
2020-03-30
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Джурик, В.И., Севастьянов, В.В., Потапов, В.А. и др.
    [1988] Оценка влияния грунтовых условий на сейсмическую опасность. Методическое руководство по сейсмическому микрорайонированию, отв. ред. О.В.Павлов, М.: Наука, 224 c.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Медведев, С.В.
    [1962] Инженерная сейсмология. М.: Госстройиздат, 284 с.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Назаров, Г.Н.
    [1970] Применение палеточного способа определения скоростей упругих волн на различных глубинах при сейсмическом микрорайонировании, Сейсмическое микрорайонирование Махачкалы, Махачкала, 88–102.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Рекомендации по сейсмическому микрорайонированию РСМ-73
    . Влияние грунтов на интенсивность сейсмических колебаний [1973] Вопросы инженерной сейсмологии, 15, 6–34.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Рекомендации по сейсмическому микрорайонированию при инженерных изысканиях для строительства [1985] М., ПНИИИС, 72 с.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Павленко, О.В.
    [2011] Различия региональных характеристик излучения и распространения сейсмических волн на Камчатке и Северном Кавказе, Доклады Академии Наук, 438(5), 687–693.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Штейнберг, В.В., Сакс, М.В., Аптикаев, Ф.Ф. и др.
    [1993] Методы оценки сейсмических воздействий. Задание сейсмических воздействий, Вопросы инженерной сейсмологии, 34, 5–93.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Aki, K.
    [1957] Space and time spectra of stationary stochastic waves, with special reference to microtremors, Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute, 35, 415–456.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Aki, K. and Irikura, K.
    [1991] Characterization and mapping of earthquake shaking for seismic zonation, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Seismic Zonation, August 25–29, Stanford, California, 1, 61–110.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bard, P.-Y.
    [1995] Effects of surface geology on ground motion: Recent results and remaining issues, in Proceedings of the 10th European Conference of Earthquake Engineers, Duma (Ed.), Balkema, Rotterdam, 305–324.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Boore, D.M.
    [2003] Simulation of Ground Motion Using the Stochastic Method, Pure Appl. Geophys, 160, 635–676.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Gutenberg, B.
    [1957] Effects of ground on earthquake motion. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 47, 221 – 250.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hardin, B.O. and Drnevich, V.P.
    [1972] Shear modulus and damping in soils: Measurement and parameter effects. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, 98, 603–624.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. [1972] Shear modulus and damping in soils: Design equations and curves. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, 98, 667–692.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Joyner, W.B. and Chen, T.F.
    [1975] Calculation of nonlinear ground response in earthquakes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 65(5), 1315–1336.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Lysmer, J., Udaka, T., Tsai, C.-F., and Seed, H. B.
    [1975] FLUSH - A Computer Program for Approximate 3-D Analysis of Soil-Structure Interaction Problems. Report No. EERC 75-30, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Mallet, R.
    [1862] Great Neapolitan Earthquake of 1857, 2 vols.; London.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Okada, H., Matsushima, T., Moriya, T. and Sasatini, T.
    , [1990] An exploration technique using longperiod microtremors for determination of deep geological structure under urbanized areas, BUSURITANSA, 43, 402–417.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Reid, H.F.
    [1910] The California Earthquake of April 18, 1906, The Mechanics of the Earthquake, Carnegie Inst. of Washington Publ.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Seed, H.B. and Idriss, I.M.
    [1971] Simplified procedure for evaluating soil liquefaction potential, Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, 97(SM9), 1249–1273.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. [1982] Ground motion and soil liquefaction during earthquakes, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201800601
Loading
/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201800601
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error