Monitoring is the essential part of carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects to ensure safe containment of the injected CO2. 3D time-lapse borehole seismic technology offers a reliable way of detecting the plume. The method provides the high signal to noise data due to the stable sensors’ conditions in a well, acquisition takes relatively short time and less affected by land access issues. In this paper, we demonstrate the results of time-lapse 3D VSP surveys for tracking small quantities of the injected fluid. Data were collected throughout the monitoring program of Stage 2C of the Otway CO2CRC geosequestration project. The outcome of the 3D time-lapse VSP data has shown the capabilities of borehole seismic methodology to track reliably the small amount of the injected carbon dioxide. 3D VSP data were collected within the CO2CRC research program Stage 2C that involves the injection of 15 kt of CO2 in three stages. Monitoring volumes were acquired after the injection of every 5kt and a dataset one year post-injection. VSP revealed an excellent repeatability and demonstrated the ability to track the evolution of the CO2 plume. The study unfolds the high potentials of the borehole seismic in application to the permanent reservoir monitoring.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Glubokovskikh, S., Pevzner, R., Dance, T., Caspari, E., Popik, D., Shulakova, V. & Gurevich, B.
    2016. Seismic monitoring of CO2 geosequestration: CO2CRC Otway case study using full 4D FDTD approach. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control49, 201–216.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Pevzner, R., Urosevic, M. & Gurevich, B.
    2015. Borehole Seismic Monitoring of a Small-scale CO2 Injection - The CO2CRC Otway Project Feasibility Study. 77th EAGE Conference & Exhibition 2015 Madrid, Spain, Expanded abstracts, Tu N117 01.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Pevzner, R., Urosevic, M., Tertyshnikov, K., Gurevich, B., Shulakova, V., Glubokovskikh, S., Popik, D., Correa, J., Kepic, A., Freifeld, B., Robertson, M., Wood, T., Daley, T. & Singh, R.
    2017. Stage 2C of the CO2CRC Otway Project: Seismic Monitoring Operations and Preliminary Results. Energy Procedia in press.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error