1887

Abstract

Summary

The multidisciplinary study of soils is an important tool in the investigation of archaeological sites. In order to investigate the relationships between magnetic susceptibility (κ) and geochemical characteristics of soil a detailed study of two areas in the Sha’ar Ha-Golan Prehistoric site was performed. Magnetic and self-potential surveys were carried out prior to soil sampling. Soil samples were collected along a 2 ×2 m grid within revealed geophysical anomalies. The content of ten oxides (SiO2, Al2O3, TiO2, Fe2O3, CaO, MgO, MnO, K2O, Na2O and P2O5) was determined by bulk silicate analysis by X-ray fluorescence method. The concentrations of 12 trace elements were measured by optical emission spectrography. For the study of the relationships between main chemical components and geophysical data we constructed maps and profiles geophysical and geochemical data distribution and applied correlation analysis. Comparison of κ and geochemical elements distributions along with correlation matrix analysis enabled us to reveal different correlation models in areas of ancient human activities in different archaeological periods. The complex study of magnetic properties and the specific chemical characteristics of the topsoil is an additional tool in the investigation of archaeological sites.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201802467
2018-09-09
2020-07-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. BityukovaL., ScholgerR., BirkeM.
    1999. Magnetic Susceptibility as Indicator of Environmental Pollution of Soils in Tallinn. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Vol. 24, N. 9, pp. 829–835, 1999. Elsevier Science Ltd., Pergamon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Dalan, R. A. and Banerjee, S. K.
    1998. Solving archaeological problems using techniques of soil magnetism. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, vol. 13, No. 1, p. 1–36.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Dan, J., YaalonD., KoymdjiskyH. and RazZ.
    1972. The soil association map of Israel. Isr. J. Earth Sci., vol. 21, p. 29–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Garfinkel, Y.
    2004. The goodness of Sha’ar Hagolan. Excavations at a Neolithic site in Israel. Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem, 216 pp.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Itkis, S.
    2002. Magnetic investigations. In: Garfinkel, Y. and Miller, M.A. (Eds.). Shaar Hagolan 1. The Neolithic art in context. Oxford, Oxbow, 47–54.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Tite, M. S., and Mullins, C. E.
    1971. Enhancement of the magnetic susceptibility of soils on archaeological sites. Archaeometry No. 13, vol. 2, p. 209–219.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201802467
Loading
/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201802467
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error