In this study we present the prediction of hydraulic permeability (k) from time-domain spectral induced polarization (IP) data, measured in boreholes and along 2D surface profiles. The borehole data were collected with the El-log technique, which provides undisturbed “while drilling” measurements of the direct current (DC) resistivity, time-domain IP data and gamma radiation. Data were measured on unconsolidated formations at a landfill site in South Denmark, in three boreholes and along 16 2D profiles.

DC and full-decay IP data were inverted in terms of the BIC re-parameterization of the Cole-Cole model, which present smaller parameter correlations and disentangles bulk and surface conduction. Permeability values were computed from bulk conductivity and the maximum imaginary conductivity, using the empirically-derived formulae presented in a recent study without any calibration. The IP-derived k estimates were compared to those estimated using grain size analysis and slug tests, for a total of 157 comparisons.

A good correlation, on average within one decade, was found between the k estimates over four orders of magnitude, with similar depth-trends. In conclusion, IP can be reliably used for estimating hydraulic permeability on unconsolidated formations at the field scale, using the relations found in the laboratory without any further calibration.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Fiandaca, G., Auken, E., Gazoty, A. & Christiansen, A.V.
    , 2012. Time domain-induced polarization: Full-decay forward modeling and 1D laterally constrained inversion of Cole-Cole parameters, Geophysics, 77, E213–E225.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Fiandaca, G., Ramm, J., Binley, A., Gazoty, A., Christiansen, A.V.&Auken, E.
    , 2013. Resolving spectral information from time domain induced polarization data through 2-D inversion, Geophys. J. Int., 192, 631–646.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Fiandaca, G., Christiansen, A.V. & Auken, E.
    , 2015. Depth of Investigation for Multi-Parameters Inversions. 24th European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, 1–4. DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201413797.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Fiandaca, G., Madsen, L. M., & Maurya, P. K.
    , 2018. Re-parameterisations of the Cole-Cole model for improved spectral inversion of induced polarization data. Near Surface Geophysics, in press. Retrieve from http://nsg.eage.org/publication/publicationdetails/?publication=91342; https://doi.org/10.3997/1873-0604.2017065.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Fiandaca, G., Maurya, P. K., Balbarini, N., Hördt, A., Christiansen, A. V., Foged, N., BjergP.L., AukenE.
    , 2018. Permeability estimation directly from logging-while-drilling induced polarization data. Water Resources Research, 54. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017WR022411
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Olsson, P.-I., Fiandaca, G., Larsen, J.J., Dahlin, T. & Auken, E.
    , 2016. Doubling the spectrum of time-domain induced polarization by harmonic de-noising, drift correction, spike removal, tapered gating and data uncertainty estimation, Geophys. J. Int., 207, 774–784.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Maurya, P. K., Balbarini, N., Moller, I., Ronde, V., Christiansen, A. V., Bjerg, P. L., AukenE., FiandacaG.
    , 2018. Subsurface imaging of water electrical conductivity, hydraulic permeability and lithology at contaminated sites by induced polarization. Geophysical Journal International, 213(2), 770–785. https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggy018.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Revil, A., and Florsch, N.
    , 2010, Determination of permeability from spectral induced polarization in granular media: Geophysical Journal International, v. 181, no. 3, p. 1480–1498.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Weller, A., & Slater, L.
    (2012). Salinity dependence of complex conductivity of unconsolidated and consolidated materials: Comparisons with electrical double layer models. Geophysics, 77(5), D185–D198. https://doi.org/10.1190/geo2012-0030.1.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Weller, A., Slater, L. & Nordsiek, S.
    , 2013. On the relationship between induced polarization and surface conductivity: implications for petrophysical interpretation of electrical measurements, Geophysics, 78, D315–D325.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Weller, A., Slater, L., Binley, A., Nordsiek, S. & Xu, S.
    , 2015. Permeability prediction based on induced polarization: insights from measurements on sandstone and unconsolidated samples spanning a wide permeability range, Geophysics, 80, D161–D173.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error