Volcanogenic-hosted massive sulphide (VMS) deposits show a strong seismic contrast (mainly due to their density) against almost all lithological host rocks therefore justifying their direct targeting using seismic methods ( and references therein; ) when there is adequate signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio and suitable geometry. While there are earlier published accounts illustrating the use of seismic methods for direct targeting of deep-seated VMS deposits elsewhere ( ), a number of attempts were done in Europe during the early 90s for this purpose and these have been overlooked for unknown reasons.


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