Improving the efficiency and safety of exploration and development of oil and gas fields in marine areas depends on the correctness of the choice of a geological model of a promising area, site or area. The authors found that at any of the stages of oil and gas exploration it is necessary to create a digital basin model, which is a working hypothesis, within which the entire complex of accumulated geological information is systematized and analyzed from unified methodological positions. A schematic diagram of the process of studying and developing hydrocarbon resources of the continental shelf and the technological cycle of the exploration process has been studied. The results unambiguously indicate the possibility of extracting important additional geological and geophysical information about heterogeneity in the structure of the upper part of the section and the need to intensify integrated research with the development of geographic information systems to improve the safety of prospecting, exploration and development of deposits.


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