The current stage is characterized by high activity of the world community in the field of research of deep-water oil and gas basins and new promising types of solid minerals. A promising direction in terms of improving the efficiency and reliability of exploration results on hydrocarbon and solid mineralsof the world ocean is the use of Autonomous unmanned underwater vehicles, which allow for detailed large-scale bottom surveys, quickly and efficiently. The required component of the Autonomous underwater complex is the means of measuring the components of the magnetic and gravitational fields. The report provides an overview of modern foreign and domestic technologies in the field of underwater deep-sea gravimetric and magnetometric surveys, analyzes the results of such works and formulates a range of exploration tasks that are promising for their application.


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