1887

Abstract

Summary

Fault geometric attributes and fault rock properties are essential components of fault seal analysis and understanding the fluid flow within faulted reservoirs. Therefore, studying the fault geometry and properties are important for different applications such as petroleum exploration and production, CO2 storage, and geothermal energy management. We use an integrated approach to provide a more realistic geometry and architecture of faults. In this approach, fault imaging through seismic attributes is integrated with comparable outcrop studies. Using frequency decomposition and choosing higher frequency seismic data for the attribute analysis, we image faults beyond seismic resolution. Our data covers both siliciclastic and carbonate rocks. Utilizing the compiled fault geometric attributes data measured on outcrop and seismic and comparing them with the previously published data; we investigate the fault scaling relations. The scaling relations are to predict fault dimensions and to better understand the fault growth mechanism. This will reduce the uncertainty related to fault prediction in any kind of reservoir.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201902315
2019-09-08
2020-09-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alaei, B. and Torabi, A.
    [2017] Seismic imaging of fault damage zone and its scaling relation with displacement. Interpretation, 5 (4), SP83–SP93.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Caine, J. S., Evans, J. P., and Forster, C. B
    [1996]. Fault zone architecture and permeability structure. Geology, 24, 1025–1028.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Cappa, F., Rutqvist, J.
    [2011] Impact of CO2 geological sequestration on the nucleation of earthquakes. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L17313.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Fisher, Q.J., Knipe, R.J.
    [2001] The permeability of faults within siliciclastic petroleum reservoirs of the North Sea and Norwegian Continental Shelf. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 18, 1063–1081.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Gabrielsen, R.H., Farseth, R.B., Jensen, L.N., Kalheim, J.E., Riis, F.
    [1990] Structural elements of the Norwegian continental shelf. Part I: the Barents Sea region. NPD Bulletin, 6.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Knai, T.A. and Knipe, R.J.
    [1998] The impact of faults on fluid flow in the Heidrun Field. In: Jones, G., Fisher, Q.J., Knipe, R.J. (Eds.) Faulting, Fault Sealing and Fluid Flow in Hydrocarbon Reservoirs, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 147, 269–282.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Loveless, S., Pluymaekers, M., Lagrou, D., Boever, E.D., Doornenbal, H., Laenen, B.
    [2014] Mapping the geothermal potential of fault zones in the Belgium-Netherlands border region. Energy Procedia, 59, 351–358.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ottesen, S., Townsend, C., Øverland, K.M.
    [2005] Investigating the effect of varying fault geometry and transmissibility on recovery. Using a new workflow for structural uncertainty modelling in a clastic reservoir. In: In: Boult, P., Kaldi, J. (Eds.) Evaluating Fault and Cap Rock Seals. AAPG Headberg Series, 2, 125–136.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Rohmer, J., Nguyen, K., Torabi, A.
    , 2015. Off-fault shear failure potential enhanced by high stiff/low permeable damage zone during fluid injection in porous reservoirs. Geophysical Journal International, 202, 1566–1580 (Oxford University Press).
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Torabi, A., Alaei, B. and Kolyukhin, D.
    [2016] Analysis of fault scaling relations using fault seismic attributes. Geophysical Prospecting. doi: 10.1111/1365-2478.12440.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Torabi, A., Alaei, B., Libak, A.
    [2019] Normal fault 3D geometry and displacement revisited; Insights from faults in the Norwegian Barents Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 99, 135–155.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Torabi, A. and Berg, S.S.
    [2011] Scaling of fault attributes; a review. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 28 (8), 1444–1460.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Torabi, A., Johannessen, M., Ellingsen, T.S.S.
    [in press] Fault core thickness, Fault core thickness – Insights from siliciclastic and carbonate rocks. Geofluids, Article ID 2918673.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Yielding, G., Freeman, B.
    [2016] 3-D seismic-structural workflows - examples using the Hat Creek fault system. In: Krantz, B., Ormand, C., Freeman, B. (Eds.) 3-D Structural Interpretation: Earth, Mind, and Machine. AAPG Memoir, 111, 155–171.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201902315
Loading
/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.201902315
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error