Kenya is targeting to be a mid-income economy by 2030. It is forecasted that the energy demand of the country will increase from the current installed capacity of 2371 MW to 21,620 MW by 2030. Geothermal energy is expected to increase from the current installed capacity of 676.8 MW to 5500 MW. For the above countrywide objective to be met, it is paramount to come up with ways of improving drilling rig efficiency, drilling performance, reducing invisible non-production time, reducing the drilling cost and reducing the risk of drilling operations.

Recent developments in production processes and their automation have led to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, commonly known as “Industry 4.0”. “Industry 4.0” has been identified as a way of reducing the safety risk while speeding up the whole drilling process and hence increasing efficiency, reducing cost and increasing productivity in the drilling industry. Therefore, this paper systematically introduces the concept and core technologies of “Industry 4.0”. Moreover, this paper analyzes typical application scenarios of industry 4.0 in geothermal drilling. This paper aims at letting personnel in the geothermal drilling industry understand the benefits and application of Industry 4.0.


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