Three decades after the concept of ubiquitous computing was introduced by Mark Weiser, we are witnessing an ongoing transformation in manufacturing and Industrial practice combined with the latest smart technology. The fourth Industrial revolution as described in Prof Klaus Schwab this era will combine hardware, software and biology (cyber-physical systems) and emphasizes that advancement in communication and connectivity will be facilitated by breakthroughs in emerging technologies in fields such as, robotics, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, Internet of things, decentralized consensus, fifth generation wireless technology (5G), 3D printing and fully autonomous vehicles.

This Abstract illustrates how three technologies related to the fourth industrial revolution namely, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and industrial internet of things will transform future energy and utilities management architectures.


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