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Abstract

Recent discoveries offshore Brazil have induced a renewal of interest in the study of recent and ancient continental carbonate systems which developed in a wide range of depositional settings, reflecting aerial to subaqueous environments. Recent and ancient continental carbonate analogs provide some keys to depict the sedimentologic/sequential pattern observed at the core scale and help in the understanding of the impact of climate change, fluid flow and water chemistry on the carbonate factory. It is noteworthy that the widespread microbial development in continental carbonate systems occurs in stratigraphic intervals typified by specific climatic and geodynamic conditions, and sometimes coincides with similar development in the marine realm. Stromatolites are more developped in high water level condition. But comparative studies between intracratonic (Recent Great Salt Lake; Eocene Green River lacustrine systems) and rift lacustrine systems demonstrates that they are more extensive on a flat substrate. The control exerted by the topography may increase during abrupt alternations of arid and humid periods, influencing the water chemistry and, accordingly, leading to the development of anoxic and/or evaporitic conditions. The key issue is therefore to understand the development of carbonate in lacustrine condition, how the sedimentary bodies and features can be preserved, and how their good reservoir properties can be maintained. High subsidence rate will influence the preservation potential of the relevant carbonate bodies, while the geothermal gradient, water chemistry or volcanic activity will impact the reservoir properties. In addition, meteoric or thermogenic travertine deposits, are an additional carbonate product that must be considered in the evaluation of continental carbonate reservoir systems.

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/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.350.iptc17013
2013-03-26
2021-10-26
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